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Table 2 Costs of lipid and blood pressure-lowering pharmaceuticals

From: Improving the cost-effectiveness of cardiovascular disease prevention in Australia: a modelling study

  Unit price (2008A$) Number of units Sources and assumptions
  Government Patient Year 1 Year 2+  
Pharmaceutical costs  
Annual cost of low-dose diuretic therapy $52.03 $18.79 1 1 Average annual PBS cost for the standard daily dose [24] of hydrochlorothiazide, chlorthalidone and indapamide, weighted by scripts provided in 2008 [23].
Annual cost of calcium channel blocker therapy $163.66 $54.22 1 1 Average annual PBS cost for the standard daily dose [24] of verapimil, amlodopine (maleate), nifedipine, felodipine, amlodopine (besylate) and lercanidipine,weighted by scripts provided in 2008 [23].
Annual cost of ACE inhibitor therapy $130.85 $81.21 1 1 Average annual PBS cost for the standard daily dose [24] ofcaptopril, fosinopril, enalopril, ramipril, quinapril, lisinopril, trandolopril and perindopril, weighted by scripts provided in 2008 [23].
Annual cost of beta-blocker therapy $169.59 $47.09 1 1 Average annual PBS cost for the standard daily dose [25]of fluvastatin, simvastatin, atorvastatin, pravastatin and rosuvastatin, weighted by scripts provided in 2008 [23].
Annual cost of statin therapy $508.64 $178.79 1 1 Average annual PBS cost for the standard daily dose [25] of fluvastatin, simvastatin, atorvastatin, pravastatin and rosuvastatin, weighted by scripts provided in 2008 [23].
Annual cost of statin therapy in New Zealand $18.25 1 1 Average annual cost of simvastatin (40 mg/day) in New Zealand [38].
Annual cost of current practice lipid-lowering therapy $559.68 $123.37 1 1 Average annual cost from actual PBS expenditure on lipid-lowering drugs in 2008 [23].
Annual cost of current practice blood pressure-lowering therapy $169.59 $47.09 1 1 Average annual cost from actual PBS expenditure on bloodpressure-lowering drugs in 2008 [23]. Mix of diuretics, beta-blockers, calcium channel blockers and ACE inhibitors based on BEACH general practice data [32].
  1. NB. All costs adjusted to 2008 Australian dollars using Australian health price deflators [39], consumer price index [40] and/or purchasing power parities [41] where relevant.