Skip to main content

Table 1 Number of men and women and the percentage (%) of the total group studied with the respective demographic characteristics, diseases and health related conditions and behaviour

From: Women show a closer association between educational level and hypertension or diabetes mellitus than males: a secondary analysis from the Austrian HIS

  Age 20–59 years Age 60–79 years
  Men Women P a Men Women P a
N 5188 5157   2465 1748  
Socio-demographic characteristics
Education       
Required schooling only 609 (11.7) 1069 (20.7) <0.001 379 (27.1) 838 (48.0) <0.001
Required schooling plus apprenticeship 2462 (47.5) 1516 (29.4) <0.001 671 (45.8) 406 (23.2) <0.001
Vocational (BMS) 526 (19.1) 907 (17.6) <0.001 141 (9.6) 295 (16.9) <0.001
High school (AHS/BHS) 1024 (19.7) 1008 (19.5) 0.806 127 (8.7) 135 (7.7) 0.332
University 566 (10.9) 656 (12.7) 0.004 129 (8.8) 72 (4.1) <0.001
Net household income       
1 – 1200 Euro 893 (17.2) 1199 (23.3) <0.001 388 (26.5) 754 (43.3) <0.001
1201 – 2600 Euro 2569 (49.6) 2517 (48.8) 0.452 829 (56.7) 808 (46.4) <0.001
2601 Euro and more 1719 (33.2) 1437 (27.9) <0.001 245 (16.8) 180 (10.3) <0.001
Occupational group       
White collar worker 1709 (39.9) 1907 (57.1) <0.001    
Blue collar worker 1492 (34.8) 626 (18.8) <0.001    
Civil servant 372 (8.7) 204 (6.1) <0.001    
Free lancers and self-employees 712 (16.6) 600 (18.0) 0.118    
Familial status       
Being married and living with a partner (yes) 2945 (56.8) 3006 (58.3) 0.117 1193 (81.4) 963 (55.1) <0.001
Health conditions and health behaviour
Diabetes mellitus (yes) 130 (2.5) 142 (2.8) 0.431 213 (14.5) 227 (13.0) 0.207
Hypertension (yes) 669 (12.9) 615 (11.9) 0.135 658 (44.9) 830 (47.5) 0.142
Myocardial infarction 43 (0.8) 18 (0.3) 0.001 125 (8.5) 66 (3.8) <0.001
Stroke 34 (0.7) 50 (1.0) 0.075 94 (6.4) 70 (4.0) 0.002
Anxiety disorders or depression 246 (4.7) 429 (8.3) <0.001 103 (7.0) 208 (11.9) <0.001
Overweight, BMI > = 25 kg/m² (yes) 2818 (54.3) 1857 (36.0) <0.001 1035 (70.6) 1073 (61.4) <0.001
Obesity, BMI > = 30 kg/m² (yes) 618 (12.0) 573 (11.1) 0.181 251 (17.2) 347 (20.0) 0.048
Currently daily smoking (yes) 1677 (32.3) 1288 (25.0) <0.001 203 (13.8) 144 (8.2) <0.001
Diet rich in meat (yes) 2273 (43.8) 821 (15.9) <0.001 381 (26.0) 192 (11.0) <0.001
No regular vigorous exercise in leisure time (yes) 1864 (35.9) 2231 (43.3) <0.001 795 (54.2) 1131 (64.7) <0.001
  1. a Pearson’s Chi²-test.