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Table 5 Age-standardized mortality rates1 (per 100 000) by causes of death and socioeconomic strata, for the female population aged 20 years or older. Rate ratios in the low and middle socioeconomic strata use high stratum rates as reference. Campinas, 2004-2008.

From: Mortality among adults: gender and socioeconomic differences in a Brazilian city

Specific diseases Low2 Middle2 High2 Rate Ratios (95% CI)3
  a b c a/c b/c
Malignant neoplasms
   Breast 20.47 22.58 29.19 0.70 0.77
  (19) (28) (47) (0.48-0.92) (0.56-0.99)
Circulatory diseases
   Acute myocardial infarction 88.27 72.40 45.79 1.93 1.58
  (65) (90) (84) (1.79-2.07) (1.44-1.73)
   Cerebrovascular diseases 85.87 69.02 47.48 1.81 1.45
  (61) (85) (93) (1.67-1.95) (1.31-1.60)
Respiratory diseases
   Pneumonia 67.45 49.57 36.73 1.84 1.35
  (44) (61) (80) (1.68-1.99) (1.18-1.52)
   Chronic lower respiratory diseases 29.05 22.69 13.24 2.19 1.71
  (20) (26) (27) (1.94-2.45) (1.45-1.98)
  1. 1 Age adjusted mortality rates were estimated by the direct method, using the 2000 Campinas total population age structure as the standard.
  2. 2 The number of deaths in each socioeconomic stratum is indicated in parenthesis.
  3. 3 Significant differences at the 5% level are indicated in bold type.