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Table 1 Main demographic and socioeconomic characteristics according to gender

From: Adherence to a Mediterranean diet in Morocco and its correlates: cross-sectional analysis of a sample of the adult Moroccan population

  All population Women Men p
Place of residence
N 2214 1208 1006  
Rural area 42.8 40.8 45.2 0.03
Urban area 57.2 59.2 54.8  
Age groups (years)
N 2212 1206 1006  
< 35 38.1 43.0 32.3 <0.0001
35 - 49 32.5 34.7 29.8  
≥ 50 29.4 22.3 37.9  
Marital status
N 2193 1194 999  
Single/Divorced/widowed 31.5 34.8 27.5 <0.0001
Married 68.5 65.2 72.5
Education
N 2204 1203 1001  
Illiterate 44.6 56.8 30.0 <0.0001
< 6 years 29.2 21.9 37.8
≥ 6 years 26.2 21.3 32.2
Occupation
N 2186 1186 1000  
Active/student 45.7 18.0 78.5 <0.0001
Retired/unemployed/Housewife 54.3 82.0 21.5
Average family income (MAD)
N 2108 1123 985  
< 2000 52.2 44.6 60.9 <0.0001
2 000 à 4 999 25.7 24.2 27.4
≥ 5 000 08.9 08.0 09.9  
Don’t know 13.2 23.2 01.8
Housing
N 2214 1208 1006  
Luxurious or modern 13.6 15.3 11.4 0.04
New medina 15.4 15.5 15.2
Old medina 19.0 18.0 20.5
Poor housing or slums 52.0 51.2 52.9
Tobacco consumption     <0.001
Current smoker 15.9 0.7 30.1  
Ex-smoker 9.1 0.5 17.1  
Never smoker 75.1 98.7 52.8  
Physical activity > = 30 min/day     
N 2032 1134 898  
Yes 61.6 59.1 63.6 00.040
BMI class (Kg/m2)
N 2204 1201 1003  
< 25 56.3 47.4 67.0 <0.0001
25 – 29.9 30.1 32.8 26.8  
≥ 30 13.6 19.8 6.2  
  1. Sample of the adult Moroccan population, 2008.