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Table 3 Adjusted associations between coronary heart disease/stroke and cardiovascular risk factors

From: Prevalence of cardiovascular disease and risk factors in a rural district of Beijing, China: a population-based survey of 58,308 residents

Variables Coronary heart disease Stroke
  Prevalence Odds Ratio (95% CI) P Value Prevalence Odds Ratio (95% CI) P Value
Diabetes 2.51 (2.29, 2.75) < 0.001 2.24 (1.98, 2.52) < 0.001
BP classification     
Normotension Reference - Reference -
Prehypertension 1.04 (0.93, 1.15) 0.505 1.16 (1.01, 1.33) 0.043
Stage 1 hypertension 1.13 (1.02, 1.26) < 0.001 1.44 (1.25, 1.66) < 0.001
Stage 2 hypertension 1.35 (1.20, 1.52) < 0.001 1.70 (1.46, 1.98) < 0.001
Weight classification     
Normal weight Reference - Reference -
Overweight 1.28 (1.19, 1.39) < 0.001 1.20 (1.09, 1.33) < 0.001
Obesity 1.53 (1.38, 1.70) < 0.001 1.25 (1.09, 1.44) 0.001
  1. BP Blood Pressure; CI confidence interval. BP classification: normotension (SBP < 120 mmHg and DBP < 80 mmHg); prehypertension (SBP of 120-139 mmHg or DBP of 80-89 mmHg); stage 1 hypertension (SBP of 140-159 mmHg or DBP of 90-99 mmHg); stage 2 hypertension (SBP ≥ 160 mmHg or DBP ≥ 100 mmHg)
  2. Diabetes was defined as self-reported current treatment with insulin or oral hypoglycemic agents; overweight was defined as BMI ≥ 25 kg/m2 and obesity as BMI ≥ 30 kg/m2
  3. Prevalence odds ratios were calculated with the use of multivariate logistic regression models. All variables listed were included in the model simultaneously, adjusted by age and sex
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