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Table 2 Age- and sex-specific prevalence of cardiovascular diseases and risk factors among participants (%, and its 95% confidence interval)

From: Prevalence of cardiovascular disease and risk factors in a rural district of Beijing, China: a population-based survey of 58,308 residents

Groups Coronary heart disease Stroke Diabetes Hypertension Overweight Obesity
Total# 5.6 (4.8, 6.5) 3.7 (3.1, 4.4) 8.0 (6.6, 9.6) 46.1 (42.7, 49.4) 42.8 (40.6, 45.0) 14.1 (12.5, 16.0)
Males       
   40-49 2.8 (2.5, 3.0) 2.2 (1.9, 2.5) 7.9 (6.9, 9.2) 40.6 (37.5, 43.7) 45.6 (43.2, 47.9) 15.0 (13.5, 16.6)
   50-59 5.2 (4.3, 6.1) 5.1 (4.7, 5.4) 8.7 (7.2, 10.6) 47.3 (43.6, 51.0) 43.3 (40.5, 46.1) 11.1 (9.7, 12.7)
   60-69 7.7 (6.9, 8.5) 7.7 (6.9, 8.5) 7.7 (6.3, 9.3) 53.8 (51.0, 56.7) 39.6 (36.8, 42.5) 8.1 (6.7, 9.7)
   70-79 9.7 (8.2, 11.4) 8.4 (7.3, 9.7) 5.3 (4.1, 6.7) 59.2 (56.0, 62.3) 31.2 (29.2, 33.3) 6.3 (5.1, 7.9)
   ≥80 9.8 (7.3, 13.0) 7.4 (4.8, 11.2) 5.3 (3.5, 7.8) 59.0 (54.3, 63.5) 24.9 (23.0, 26.8) 5.0 (3.4, 7.3)
   Overall* 5.2 (4.4, 6.1) 4.7 (4.1, 5.6) 7.7 (6.3, 9.4) 47.2 (43.6, 50.8) 41.8 (39.1, 44.5) 11.5 (10.0, 13.3)
Females       
   40-49 2.1 (1.8, 2.5) 0.7 (0.6, 0.9) 4.9 (4.2, 5.6) 33.9 (31.2, 36.8) 45.5 (44.6, 46.5) 16.6 (15.2, 18.2)
   50-59 5.2 (4.5, 5.9) 2.4 (2.1, 2.7) 9.5 (8.3, 10.7) 45.4 (42.3, 48.6) 46.6 (45.3, 47.8) 18.9 (17.1, 20.8)
   60-69 10.6 (9.9, 11.3) 4.7 (4.0, 5.5) 13.5 (11.4, 15.8) 56.8 (54.0, 59.5) 42.7 (41.2, 44.3) 18.6 (16.8, 20.5)
   70-79 12.9 (11.3, 14.8) 5.8 (4.8, 6.9) 10.0 (8.0, 12.5) 63.5 (61.3, 65.6) 37.1 (34.9, 39.4) 13.4 (12.0, 15.1)
   ≥80 15.0 (12.9, 17.4) 5.9 (3.9, 8.9) 8.3 (6.4, 10.8) 61.7 (56.9, 66.2) 30.0 (25.2, 35.3) 8.3 (5.8, 11.9)
   Overall* 5.9 (5.1, 6.9) 2.6 (2.1, 3.1) 8.2 (7.0, 9.7) 44.8 (41.7, 47.9) 43.8 (42.2, 45.4) 16.9 (15.2, 18.8)
  1. Hypertension was defined as SBP ≥ 140 mmHg, or DBP ≥ 90 mmHg, or current use of any antihypertensive medication within 2 weeks or any combination of the above; diabetes was defined as self-reported current treatment with insulin or oral hypoglycemic agents; overweight was defined as BMI ≥ 25 kg/m2 and obesity as BMI ≥ 30 kg/m2
  2. #Directly standardized to the adult sample data of 2000 China 5th Population Census
  3. *Both genders were age-standardized using the same age distribution from entire adult sample data of 2000 China 5th Population Census
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