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Table 4 Tukey-Kramer post hoc comparisons of the groups of binge eating and compensatory behaviours1

From: Binge eating, purging and non-purging compensatory behaviours decrease from adolescence to adulthood: A population-based, longitudinal study

Variables BEO v. BE-CB BEO v. P-CB BEO vs. NP-CB BEO v. NoS BE-CB v. P-CB BE-CB v. NP-CB BE-CB v. NoS P-CB v. NP-CB P-CB v. NoS NP-CB v. NoS
BMI 1.81 0.90 5.67** 2.48 0.33 1.41 0.80 1.39 0.15 4.96**
Appearance satisfaction 4.68** 11.85** 5.57** 1.54 7.31** 1.54 5.73** 9.59** 12.75** 8.77**
Anxiety symptoms 5.48** 12.15** 4.02* 0.53 7.18** 3.20 6.12** 10.51** 12.75** 5.76**
Depressive symptoms 6.65** 12.19** 5.26** 0.40 6.40** 3.67 6.92** 10.06** 12.77** 6.41**
Self-worth 4.26* 1.25 2.29 0.73 1.56 2.95 4.91** 0.31 1.53 3.72
Alcohol consumption 1.63 5.27** 4.89** 4.87** 3.52 1.11 0.46 3.29 3.93* 1.59
EAT-12 16.07** 28.53** 25.33** 0.39 14.65** 1.79 17.07** 18.29** 29.41** 32.66**
BITE-30 6.26** 19.94** 17.14** 3.07 13.31** 3.35 5.32** 13.06** 19.67** 19.31**
Relationship to parents:
   Overprotection 0.93 1.73 1.22 0.08 2.05 1.57 1.02 1.24 1.76 1.48
   Care 0.16 6.03** 0.22 0.37 5.23** 0.28 0.32 5.89** 6.11** 0.05
Instability of self-concept 4.49* 7.20** 6.36** 2.87 3.40 0.97 5.96** 4.65** 8.25** 10.70**
Social support 0.99 0.44 0.88 0.62 0.99 0.51 1.32 0.78 0.27 1.72
Loneliness 2.43 5.41** 1.68 2.16 3.12 1.47 1.68 4.71** 4.95** 0.19
  1. *Significant differences among groups at p < .05
  2. **Significant differences between groups at p < .01
  3. 1Tukey-Kramer test values were derived from the analysis of covariance in Table 3
  4. BMI body mass index, EAT-12 Eating Attitude Test, BITE Bulimic Investigatory Test, Edinburgh, BEO binge eating only (without CB), BE-CB binge eating combined with any of compensatory behaviour, P-CB purging behaviours, NP-CB non-purging behaviours; NoS - participants who did not report any binge eating and or behaviours