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Table 3 Effect of selected socio-demographic, clinical and other characteristics on adherence to antihypertensive treatment, GUH, Northwest Ethiopia, 2011

From: Adherence to antihypertensive treatment and associated factors among patients on follow up at University of Gondar Hospital, Northwest Ethiopia

Variables Adherence Status COR(95%CI) AOR(95%CI)
Adheren Non adherent
Sex Male 87 55 0.80(0.51, 1.22) 0.48(0.28, 0.82)**
Female 161 81 1 1
Residence Rural 51 39 1  
Urban 197 97 1.55(0.96, 2.52)*  
Marital Status Single 13 4 1  
Married 157 76 0.64 (0.20, 2.02)*
Divorced 22 19 0.36 (0.10, 1.28)*
Widowed 56 37 0.47 (0.14, 1.52)*
Religion Orthodox 226 117 0.60(.31, 1.15)*  
Others 22 19 1  
Educational status Illiterate 119 77 1  
Grade 1-6th 39 21 1.20(0.66, 2.20)*  
Grade 7-12th 58 25 1.50(0.87, 2.60)*  
Diploma and above 32 13 1.59(0.79, 3.23)*  
Income level <= 500 ETB 152 96 1  
501‐100 ETB 39 26 0.95(0.54, 1.66)*  
> = 1001 ETB 57 14 2.57(1.36, 4.87)*  
Government worker 56 18 1.80(0.90, 3.64)*  
Merchant 54 39 0.8(0.43, 1.49)*  
Employment status Student 6 2 1.74(0.33, 9.19)*  
House wife 57 30 1.10(0.58, 2.08)*  
Farmer 25 18 0.81 (0.38, 1.72)*  
Retired 50 29   
No of co morbidities None 118 64 2.09(0.98, 4.46) 2.50(1.01, 6.21)**
One 115 55 2.37 (1.10, 5.09) 2.68(1.07, 6.71)**
Two and above 15 17 1 1
BP level Controlled 136 43 2.63(1.69, 4.08) 2.93(1.73, 4.96)**
Uncontrolled 112 93 1 1
Distance in hrs <0.5 hrs 112 39 2.05(1.31, 3.21) 2.02(1.19, 3.43)**
≥0.5 hrs 136 97 1 1
Dosage frequency Once daily 123 56 1.10 (0.27, 4.55)*  
BID 119 77 0.77(0.19,3.18)*  
TID and above 6 3 1  
Knowledge towards Knowledgeable 224 71 8.55 (4.99, 14.65) 6.21(3.22, 11.97)**
HTN and its treatment Not Knowledgeable 24 65 1 1
Attitude Favourable 236 96 8.19 (4.12, 16.29) 3.23(1.31, 7.97)**
Not favourable 12 40 1 1
Pt-provider relationship Good 239 124 2.57( 1.05, 6.27)*  
  Poor 9 12 1  
  1. Note: - ** statistically significant * variables with p value of greater than 0.2 in crude analysis omitted from entering in to the model.