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Table 1 Original Survey Question and Response Categories with Re-Coded Response Categories 2009 BRFSS Data

From: A cross-sectional study of US rural adults’ consumption of fruits and vegetables: do they consume at least five servings daily?

Analysis Variable Survey Question Original Response Categories Re-coded Response Categories
Fruit and Vegetable Consumption Not counting juice, how often do you eat fruit? Calculated variable for consumed five or more servings of fruits or vegetables per day derived from the servings per day variables. Respondents that reported they never consumed fruits and vegetables or consumed less than 5 servings per day less than 5 servings per day
  How often do you eat green salad?   Respondents that reported they consumed 5 or more servings of fruits and vegetables per day 5 or more servings of fruits and vegetables per day
  Not counting carrots, potatoes, or salad, how many servings of vegetables do you usually eat? (Example: A serving of vegetables at both lunch and dinner would be two servings.)   Respondents who reported they didn’t know the servings consumed per day, those who refused to answer, and those with missing responses Missing
Sex Indicate sex of respondent. Male Male
   Female Female
Race and Ethnicity Which one of these groups would you say best represents your race? Race responses were combined with Hispanic variable to create the second column categories
   White White, non-Hispanic Caucasian
   Black or African American Black non-Hispanic African American
   Asian Asian non-Hispanic Other/multiracial
   Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander non-Hispanic  
   American Indian, Alaska Native American Indian, Alaska Native non-Hispanic  
   Other Other non-Hispanic  
   Multiracial but preferred race not asked Multiracial non-Hispanic  
   Don’t know/Not sure, Refused Don’t know/Not sure, Refused Missing
  Are you Hispanic or Latino? Yes Hispanic Hispanic
   No Non-Hispanic  
   Don’t know/Not Sure, Refused Don’t know/Not Sure, Refused Missing
Age Range What is your age? _ _ age in years 18-34 Years
   35-64 Years
   > = 65 Years
Education What is the highest grade or year of school you completed? Never attended school or only kindergarten <High School
   Grades 1 through 8 (Elementary)  
   Grades 9 through 11 (Some high school)  
   Grade 12 or GED (High school graduate) Completed High School
   College 1 year to 3 years (Some college or technical school)  
   College 4 years or more (College graduate) College Graduate
   Refused, Not asked or Missing Missing
Marital Status Are you: (marital status) Married Married or Living with Partner
   A member of an unmarried couple  
   Divorced Unmarried and Not Living With a Partner
   Widowed  
   Separated  
   Never married  
   Refused, Not asked or Missing Missing
Children in Household How many children less than 18 years of age live in your household? Number of children: _ _ = Number of children At Least One Child
   None No Children
   Refused or Missing Missing
Household Income Is your annual household income from all sources: Less than $10,000 < $35,000
   Less than $15,000 ($10,000 to less than $15,000)  
   Less than $20,000 ($15,000 to less than $20,000)  
   Less than $25,000 ($20,000 to less than $25,000)  
   Less than $35,000 ($25,000 to less than $35,000)  
   Less than $50,000 ($35,000 to less than $50,000) > $35,000
   Less than $75,000 ($50,000 to less than $75,000)  
   $75,000 or more  
   Don’t know/Not sure, Refused and Not asked or Missing Missing
BMI Categories About how much do you weigh without shoes? BMI calculated using weight and height variables
   __ _ = weight in pounds BMI calculated using imperial scale:
(weight X 703)/ height in inches²
BMI <25
  About how tall are you without shoes? _ / _ _ = height in feet / inches   BMI 25- < 30
     BMI > =30
   Don’t know/Not sure, Refused, Not asked or Missing Don’t know/Not sure, Refused, Not asked or Missing Missing
Physical Activity Now, thinking about the moderate activities you do in a usual week, do you do moderate activities for at least 10 minutes at a time, such as brisk walking, bicycling, vacuuming, gardening, or anything else that causes some increase in breathing or heart rate? Calculated variable for adults that have reported participating in either moderate physical activity defined as 30 or more minutes per day for 5 or more days per week, or vigorous activity for 20 or more minutes per day on 3 or more days. Respondents who reported doing enough moderate or vigorous physical activity to meet the recommendations Getting at least moderate physical activity
  How many days per week do you do these moderate activities for at least 10 minutes at a time? On days when you do moderate activities for at least 10 minutes at a time, how much total time per day do you spend doing these activities? Respondents who reported doing insufficient moderate or vigorous physical activity to meet recommendations, or respondents that reported doing no moderate or vigorous physical activity Inactive
  Now, thinking about the vigorous activities you do in a usual week, do you do vigorous activities for at least 10 minutes at a time, such as running, aerobics, heavy yard work, or anything else that causes large increases in breathing or heart rate?   Respondents who reported they didn’t know whether they did moderate or vigorous physical activity or didn’t know how many days or didn’t know how much time they did the activity, those who refused to answer, and those with missing responses Missing
  How many days per week do you do these vigorous activities for at least 10 minutes at a time? On days when you do vigorous activities for at least 10 minutes at a time, how much total time per day do you spend doing these activities?   
Have Health Insurance Do you have any kind of health care coverage, including health insurance, prepaid plans such as HMOs, or government plans such as Medicare? Yes Yes
   No No
   Don’t know/Not Sure, Refused Missing
Have a Personal Physician Do you have one person you think of as your personal doctor or health care provider? (If "No" ask "Is there more than one or is there no person who you think of as your personal doctor or health care provider?".) Yes, only one Yes
   More than one  
   No No
   Don’t know/Not Sure, Refused, Not asked or Missing Missing
Timing of Last Routine Medical Check-up About how long has it been since you last visited a doctor for a routine checkup? A routine checkup is a general physical exam, not an exam for a specific injury, illness, or condition. Within past year (anytime less than 12 months ago) Within the Past 12 Months
   Within past 2 years (1 year but less than 2 years ago) More than 12 Months Ago
   Within past 5 years (2 years but less than 5 years ago)  
   5 or more years ago  
   Never  
   Don’t know/Not sure or Refused Missing
Deferment of Medical Care Because of Cost Was there a time in the past 12 months when you needed to see a doctor but could not because of cost? Yes Yes
   No No
   Don’t know/Not sure, Refused Missing
Self-Defined Health Status Would you say that in general your health is: Excellent Good to Excellent
   Very good  
   Good  
   Fair Fair to Poor
   Poor  
   Don’t know/Not Sure, Refused, Not asked or Missing Missing
Residency by Geographic Locale Metropolitan Status Code In the center city of an MSA Non-rural
   Outside the center city of an MSA but inside the county containing the center city  
   Inside a suburban county of the MSA  
   In an MSA that has no center city Rural
   Not in an MSA