Skip to main content

Table 7 Measures of stigma and disclosure (HIV-positive PMTCT testers only)

From: Women's views on consent, counseling and confidentiality in PMTCT: a mixed-methods study in four African countries

  N %
Disclosure   
Important that nobody knows results   
Very important 53 85.5
Somewhat important 4 6.5
Not important 5 8.1
Kept status secret   
No 13 20.6
Yes 50 79.4
Told someone results   
No 11 17.5
Yes 52 82.5
Told partner results*   
No 32 62.7
Yes 19 37.3
Told family results*   
No 19 37.3
Yes 32 62.7
Told friend results*   
No 46 90.2
Yes 5 9.8
Stigma and discrimination   
Self-Stigma:   
feel worthless because HIV+   
Undecided/disagree/strongly disagree 48 80
Strongly agree/agree 12 20
feel guilty because HIV +   
Undecided/disagree/strongly disagree 47 81
Strongly agree/agree 11 19
Enacted stigma/discrimination:   
personally been made to feel bad   
No 44 74.6
Yes 15 25.4
health workers ignored or avoided caring for you   
No 59 98.3
Yes 1 1.7
Reported community stigma:   
heard of people who have been badly treated   
No 31 51.7
Yes 29 48.3
Good things happened because status known   
No 20 34.5
Yes 38 65.5
  1. *Denominator is persons who've told someone their status