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Table 4 Measures of pre-test and post-test counseling, confidentiality, consent, and satisfaction, by country

From: Women's views on consent, counseling and confidentiality in PMTCT: a mixed-methods study in four African countries

  Burkina Faso Kenya Malawi Uganda Total Pvalue*
  No. Col% No. Col% No. Col% No. Col% No. Col%  
Pre-test: meet with counselor before test        
No 3 2,88 5 6,76 11 8,03 9 9,78 28 6,88 0,220
Yes 101 97,12 69 93,24 126 91,97 83 90,22 379 93,12  
Pre-test: explain how HIV is transmitted         
No 8 7,92 4 5,8 5 3,97 6 7,23 23 6,07 0,604
Yes 93 92,08 65 94,2 121 96,03 77 92,77 356 93,93  
Pre-test: explain the meaning of positive and negative results      
No 46 45,54 5 7,25 8 6,35 4 4,82 63 16,62 0,000
Yes 55 54,46 64 92,75 118 93,65 79 95,18 316 83,38  
Pre-test: give time to ask questions in pre-test counseling       
No 33 32,67 7 10,14 8 6,35 15 18,07 63 16,62 0,000
Yes 68 67,33 62 89,86 118 93,65 68 81,93 316 83,38  
Found it difficult to test          
No 79 79 55 79,71 113 91,13 70 84,34 317 84,31 0,044
Yes 21 21 14 20,29 11 8,87 13 15,66 59 15,69  
Consent: ask if you agreed to test         
No 6 5,94 4 5,8 10 7,94 11 13,41 31 8,2 0,282
Yes 95 94,06 65 94,2 116 92,06 71 86,59 347 91,8  
Consent: explain that you had a choice to agree or refuse       
No 15 14,85 6 8,7 14 11,11 26 31,71 61 16,14 0,000
Yes 86 85,15 63 91,3 112 88,89 56 68,29 317 83,86  
Confidentiality: explain that results will not be shared       
No 27 27 8 11,59 4 3,17 4 4,82 43 11,38  
Yes 73 73 61 88,41 122 96,83 79 95,18 335 88,62 0,000
Confidentiality: believe that results have been protected       
No 16 15,38 12 16,22 9 6,67 24 26,97 61 15,17 0,001
Yes 88 84,62 62 83,78 126 93,33 65 73,03 341 84,83  
Post-test: received results          
No 0 0 0 0 1 0,73 2 2,2 3 0,74 0,348
Yes 104 100 74 100 136 99,27 89 97,8 403 99,26  
Post-test: information is sufficient         
No 24 23,08 4 5,41 8 5,88 15 16,85 51 12,66 0,000
Yes 80 76,92 70 94,59 128 94,12 74 83,15 352 87,34  
Post-test: Explain meaning of result         
No 3 2,88 5 6,85 2 1,48 4 4,49 14 3,49 0,202
Yes 101 97,12 68 93,15 133 98,52 85 95,51 387 96,51  
Post-test: give advice on prevention         
No 32 30,77 9 12,33 5 3,7 7 7,87 53 13,22 0,000
Yes 72 69,23 64 87,67 130 96,3 82 92,13 348 86,78  
Post-test: advise to discuss status         
No 76 73,08 11 15,07 21 15,56 18 20,22 126 31,42 0,000
Yes 28 26,92 62 84,93 114 84,44 71 79,78 275 68,58  
Post-test: advise partner referral         
No 28 26,92 11 15,07 8 5,93 7 7,87 54 13,47 0,000
Yes 76 73,08 62 84,93 127 94,07 82 92,13 347 86,53  
Post-test: time to ask questions         
No 47 45,19 7 9,59 14 10,37 19 21,35 87 21,7 0,000
Yes 57 54,81 66 90,41 121 89,63 70 78,65 314 78,3  
Satisfaction: post-test meeting was helpful overall        
No 1 0,96 3 4,05 3 2,21 7 7,87 14 3,47 0,054
Yes 103 99,04 71 95,95 133 97,79 82 92,13 389 96,53  
Satisfaction: treated well overall         
No 0 0 6 8,11 3 2,21 26 29,55 35 8,73 0,000
Yes 103 100 68 91,89 133 97,79 62 70,45 366 91,27  
  1. *Fischer exact test