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Table 5 Factors associated with health state (HSS) stratified by HIV category, rural South Africa 2010

From: An investigation of factors associated with the health and well-being of HIV-infected or HIV-affected older people in rural South Africa

  HIV-Infected HIV-Affected
  Unadjusted Adjusted Unadjusted Adjusted
  OR [95% CI] aOR [95% CI] OR [95% CI] aOR [95% CI]
Sex     
Male 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Female 0.30 [0.17–0.54] 0.20 [0.11–0.37] 0.37 [0.15–0.95] 0.31 [0.12–0.81]
Age group     
50–59 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
60–69 0.93 [0.51–1.68] 0.94 [0.45–1.95] 0.92 [0.46–1.86] 0.70 [0.30–1.64]
70+ 0.51 [0.15–1.76] 0.20 [0.05–0.73] 0.35 [0.18–0.67] 0.25 [0.10–0.58]
Marital Status     
Never married 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Married 1.22 [0.67–2.21] 0.96 [0.44–2.09] 1.41 [0.77–2.57] 1.53 [0.69–3.39]
Previously married 0.95 [0.42–2.15] 0.86 [0.36–2.06] 1.49 [0.68–3.24] 2.79 [1.11–7.02]
Household Head     
Self 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Spouse 0.70 [0.37–1.32] 0.95 [0.44–2.06] 1.16 [0.56–2.39] 1.30 [0.48–3.54]
Other 0.79 [0.41–1.52] 0.91[0.43–1.94] 0.89 [0.48–1.64] 1.31 [0.63–2.75]
Education level     
NFE/AEO 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
6 years or less 1.65 [0.89–3.05] 1.72 [0.87–3.39] 1.38 [0.73–2.64] 1.36 [0.68–2.74]
More than 6 years 1.71 [0.88–3.33] 1.29 [0.63–2.64] 3.76 [1.64–8.63] 4.50 [1.76–11.51]
Source of income     
None 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Other 2.67 [1.04–6.85] 3.67 [1.15–11.66] 2.59 [0.94–7.12] 1.72 [0.36–8.13]
Grants 1.72 [0.85–3.48] 3.13 [1.34–7.28] 1.14 [0.46–2.83] 1.31 [0.32–5.34]
Wealth quintiles     
First 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Second 1.68 [0.69–4.09] 2.17 [0.85–5.52] 0.73 [0.31–1.71] 0.78 [0.28–2.18]
Third 1.69 [0.78–3.66] 1.86 [0.77–4.52] 0.87 [0.36–2.09] 0.70 [0.26–1.90]
Fourth 2.23 [1.04–4.76] 2.52 [1.09–5.84] 1.77 [0.65–4.84] 1.49 [0.52–4.23]
Fifth 2.27 [1.00–5.17] 2.65 [0.85–8.19] 0.86 [0.38–1.95] 0.59 [0.22–1.56]
Rural/urban     
Urban 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Rural 1.26 [0.66–2.39] 1.41 [0.66–2.99] 1.28 [0.51–3.23] 2.05 [0.78–5.36]
  1. aOR = Adjusted Odds Ratios; Adjusted for all covariates listed in the Table.
  2. NFE/AEO = No formal education or adult education only.
  3. Previously married = Separated, divorced and widowed participants.