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Table 4 Factors associated with functional ability (WHODAS) stratified by HIV category, rural South Africa 2010

From: An investigation of factors associated with the health and well-being of HIV-infected or HIV-affected older people in rural South Africa

  HIV-Infected HIV-Affected
  Unadjusted Adjusted Unadjusted Adjusted
  OR [95% CI] aOR [95% CI] OR [95% CI] aOR [95% CI]
Sex     
Male 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Female 0.25 [0.13–0.48] 0.15 [0.08–0.29] 0.30 [0.12–0.75] 0.20 [0.08–0.50]
Age group     
50–59 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
60–69 0.81 [0.45–1.47] 0.84 [0.46–1.54] 0.75 [0.37–1.50] 0.46 [0.19–1.13]
70+ 0.43 [0.11–1.60] 0.19 [0.05–0.75] 0.34 [0.17–0.67] 0.17 [0.06–0.46]
Marital Status     
Never married 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Married 0.92 [0.51–1.66] 0.67 [0.33–1.36] 0.91 [0.50–1.67] 1.08 [0.42–2.74]
Previously married 1.74 [0.80–3.81] 1.80 [0.70–4.63] 2.04 [0.95–4.40] 4.80 [1.61–14.32]
Household Head     
Self 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Spouse 0.89 [0.46–1.73] 1.98 [0.87–4.48] 0.82 [0.42–1.60] 1.19 [0.42–3.38]
Other 1.01 [0.50–2.04] 1.21 [0.57–2.53] 0.78 [0.40–1.52] 0.92 [0.44–1.95]
Education level     
NFE/AEO 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
6 years or less 1.89 [1.02–3.50] 1.90 [1.00–3.61] 1.06 [0.58–1.93] 1.26 [0.63–2.54]
More than 6 years 1.67 [0.85–3.31] 1.70 [0.81–3.54] 3.38 [1.35–8.50] 5.54 [2.00–15.33]
Source of income     
None 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Other 1.26 [0.42–3.78] 1.39 [0.43–4.54] 2.27 [0.66–7.86] 1.55 [0.21–11.56]
Grants 1.15 [0.41–3.21] 1.80 [0.68–4.76] 0.87 [0.30–2.55] 1.08 [0.17–7.02]
Wealth quintiles     
First 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Second 1.08 [0.42–2.82] 1.73 [0.66–4.52] 0.38 [0.15–0.94] 0.44 [0.14–1.39]
Third 1.46 [0.65–3.27] 1.81 [0.72–4.57] 0.55 [0.23–1.33] 0.52 [0.19–1.42]
Fourth 1.33 [0.59–2.98] 1.48 [0.64–3.45] 1.39 [0.52–3.69] 1.24 [0.40–3.78]
Fifth 1.02 [0.43–2.42] 1.40 [0.49–4.03] 0.49 [0.21–1.11] 0.38 [0.12–1.15]
Rural/urban     
Urban 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Rural 0.82 [0.42–1.60] 1.03 [0.46–2.30] 0.79 [0.28–2.27] 1.30 [0.48–3.56]
  1. aOR = Adjusted Odds Ratios; Adjusted for all covariates listed in the Table.
  2. NFE/AEO = No formal education or adult education only.
  3. Previously married = Separated, divorced and widowed participants.