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Table 2 Impact of selected socio-demographic and other characteristics on infant feeding practice of HIV positive mothers attending PMTCT and ART clinics in Gondar town health institutions from January to May, 2011

From: Infant feeding practice and associated factors of HIV positive mothers attending prevention of mother to child transmission and antiretroviral therapy clinics in Gondar Town health institutions, Northwest Ethiopia

Variables Infant Feeding Practice OR (95%CI) P value
  Recommended (%) Not recommended (%) Crude Adjusted  
Age      
18-24 28(82.4) 6(17.6) 1 1  
25-29 82(93.2) 6(6.8) .34(.10-1.14) .22(.04-1.18)  
30-34 50(86.2) 8(13.8) .74(.23-2.37) .85(.16-4.28)  
35+ 27(93.1) 2(6.9) .34 (.06-1.86) .40(.05-3.14)  
Residence      
Urban 179(89.5) 21(10.5) 1.06(.12-8.94) .99(.07-12.66)  
Rural 8(88.9) 1(11.1) 1 1  
Religion      
Orthodox Christian 170(89.9) 19(10.1) 1.57(.42-5.88) 2.50(.43-14.49)  
Muslim 17(85.0) 3(15.0) 1 1  
Marital status      
Married 149(90.3) 16(9.7) 1.47(.53-4.01) .79(.13-4.75)  
Single 38(86.4) 6(13.6) 1 1  
Educational status      
No formal education 89(89.0) 11(11.0) 1.03(.35-2.96) 3.08(.60-15.69)  
Primary education 51(91.1) 5(8.9) 1.30(.373-4.55) 2.80(.483-16.23)  
Secondary and above 47(88.7) 6(11.3) 1 1  
Occupational status      0.026
House wife 108(89.3) 13(10.7) 2.26(.55-9.19) 4.64(.66-32.26)  
Daily laborer 54(90.0) 6(10.0) 2.45(.53-11.3) 14.63(1.36-156.4)*  
Government/Private worker/merchants 25(89.3) 3(10.7) 1 1  
Monthly income      
< = 200 55(82.1) 12(17.9) .41(.12-1.38) .53(.11-2.58)  
201-300 38(92.7) 3(7.3) 1.15(.24-5.47) 1.60(.23-10.95)  
301-500 50(94.3) 3(5.7) 1.51(.32-7.14) 3.73(.52-26.32)  
> 501 44(91.7) 4(8.3) 1 1  
Place of delivery      
Health institution 171(91.9) 15(8.1) 4.98(1.77-14.01)* 2.26(.47-10.88)  
At home 16(69.6) 7(30.4) 1 1  
Disclosure of HIV status to spouse      0.039
   yes 167(91.2) 16(8.8) 3.13(1.09-8.91) * 7.74(1.11-53.97) *  
   no 20(76.9.5) 6(23.1) 1 1  
Disclosure of HIV status to family      
   yes 124(90.5) 13(9.5) 1.36(.55-3.36) .38(.08-1.72)  
   no 63(87.5) 9(12.5) 1 1  
On ART      
   Yes 123(89.1) 15(10.9) .89(.34-2.31) .93(.28-3.07)  
   no 64(90.1) 7(9.9) 1 1  
Insufficient milk      0.013
   Yes 19(79.2) 5(20.8) .38(.12-1.16) .14(.03-.65)*  
   No 168(90.8) 17(9.2) 1 1  
  1. Note: 1- reference group
  2. * Statistically significant (p-value < 0.05)