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Table 1 Sociodemographic, medical background and work related characteristics of documented Latin American immigrants in Nagahama City, Japan by health insurance status

From: Latin American immigrants have limited access to health insurance in Japan: a cross sectional study

  Total Uninsured Insured Pvalue
  (n = 282) (n = 56) (n = 226)  
  n %a n %a n %a  
Sociodemographic        
Gender        
   Men 137 48.5 37 66.1 100 44.1 0.006
   Women 145 51.5 19 33.9 126 55.9  
Country of origin        
   Brazil 197 69.9 41 73.1 156 69.2 0.073
   Peru 46 16.4 4 6.5 43 18.8  
   Bolivia 25 8.9 10 18.2 15 6.6  
   Others 14 4.8 1 2.2 12 5.4  
Age        
   18 - 29 91 32.1 22 39.2 69 30.3 0.102
   30 - 39 91 32.4 15 26.2 77 34.0  
   40 - 49 55 19.4 16 28.1 39 17.3  
   50 or more 45 16.0 4 6.5 42 18.4  
Marriage and live-in partnerships        
   Married (living with spouse) 178 63.1 27 49.2 150 66.5 0.132
   Married (not living with spouse or other partner) 20 7.3 3 6.0 17 7.6  
   Not married (living with partner) 23 8.0 6 10.7 17 7.3  
   Not married (not living with partner) 61 21.7 19 34.0 42 18.7  
Number of children        
   0 69 24.6 26 45.8 44 19.3 0.045
   1 80 28.5 16 28.0 65 28.6  
   2 87 30.9 10 17.5 77 34.2  
   3 or more 45 16.0 5 8.7 40 17.8  
Years of education        
   1 - 8 41 14.5 16 29.1 25 10.9 0.013
   9 -12 157 55.6 31 56.2 125 55.4  
   13 -16 84 29.9 8 14.7 76 33.7  
Knowledge about mandatory nature of health insurance in Japan        
   No 55 19.6 24 43.2 31 13.8 < 0.001
   Yes 227 80.4 32 56.8 195 86.2  
Medical background        
   Visited a doctor in the last 12 months in Japanb        
No/Have never visited a doctor
in Japan
86 30.9 34 60.5 53 23.5 < 0.001
   Yes 194 69.1 22 39.5 172 76.5  
Chronic diseaseb        
   No 238 84.9 54 96.6 184 82.0 0.016
   Yes 42 15.1 2 3.4 40 18.0  
Work related        
Working condition        
   Full time 209 74.1 43 76.5 166 73.4 0.447
   Part time 16 5.7 1 1.8 15 6.7  
   Self employed 3 1.1 0 0.0 3 1.4  
   Unemployed 53 18.6 12 21.6 40 17.9  
   Retired 1 0.5 0 0.0 1 0.6  
Employed through labor contract companyc        
   No 58 25.7 11 24.8 47 27.1 0.852
   Yes 167 74.3 33 75.2 134 72.9  
Years employed by the current employerc        
   0 - 2 131 58.1 34 77.2 97 53.5 0.001
   3 or more 94 41.9 10 22.8 84 46.5  
Term of contract with employer (months)b, c        
   1 - 2 25 11.1 8 18.5 17 9.3 0.393
   3 - 6 73 32.7 12 28.4 61 33.8  
   7 - 24 28 12.3 4 9.5 23 13.0  
   Indefinite 44 19.4 6 13.1 38 21.0  
   No written contract 55 24.4 13 30.5 41 23.0  
Ever had a serious accident at work that forced you to see a doctorb        
   No 247 88.2 44 78.7 203 90.6 0.020
   Yes 33 11.8 12 21.3 21 9.4  
  1. Note 1: Totals may differ from the sum of categories due to rounding, unless specified
  2. Note 2: Percentages are calculated based on the exact estimated standardized weighted counts
  3. n, rounded estimated standardized weighted count
  4. a, total percentage may differ from 100% due to rounding
  5. b, total for the category may be less than the total n due to nonresponse
  6. c, among the total full time and part time working population (n = 225)