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Table 4 Odds ratios (OR) for use of antidepressants in participants living alone compared to participants not living alone, separately for men and women

From: Living alone and antidepressant medication use: a prospective study in a working-age population

  Use of antidepressant medication
  At baseline During 7-year follow-up Incident 7-year usea
Predictor: living alone (ref. = not alone) OR (95% CI) % reduction OR (95% CI) % reduction OR (95% CI) % reduction
  Men (n = 1695)
Adjustment in addition to age and gender:
1. None 1.85 (1.06-3.25) 0 1.72 (1.21-2.44) 0 1.62 (1.09-2.41) 0
2. Psychosocial factorsb 1.59 (0.89-2.83) 31 1.57 (1.09-2.25) 21 1.53 (1.02-2.29) 15
3. Sociodemographic factorsc 1.73 (0.96-3.09) 14 1.65 (1.15-2.37) 10 1.62 (1.08-2.43) 0
4. Health behaviorsd 1.81 (1.03-3.18) 5 1.64 (1.15-2.34) 11 1.56 (1.04-2.33) 10
5. All of the above 1.56 (0.86-2.85) 34 1.51 (1.04-2.20) 29 1.52 (1.00-2.31) 16
  Women (n = 1776)
Adjustment in addition to age and gender:
1. None 1.54 (1.00-2-39) 0 1.89 (1.40-2.54) 0 1.74 (1.24-2.45) 0
2. Psychosocial factorsb 1.43 (0.91-2.22) 20 1.81 (1.34-2.45) 9 1.71 (1.21-2.42) 4
3. Sociodemographic factorsc 1.41 (0.89-2.22) 24 1.65 (1.21-2.25) 27 1.51 (1.05-2.15) 31
4. Health behaviorsd 1.50 (0.97-2.32) 7 1.83 (1.36-2.46) 7 1.70 (1.20-2.39) 5
5. All of the above 1.29 (0.80-2.06) 46 1.58 (1.15-2.17) 35 1.49 (1.03-2.14) 34
  1. Data: The Health 2000 Study, n = 3471
  2. aNew users during the follow-up with no purchases at the baseline (in 2000 or 2001)
  3. bLow social support at the workplace, low social support in private life, poor job climate, hostile personality
  4. cLow educational level, low occupational grade, low income, unemployement, urbanicity, living at rent, housing disadvantages
  5. dRegular smoking, alcohol heavy use (> 20 g women, > 40 g men), sedentary lifestyle, obesity (BMI > 30)