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Table 1 Characteristics of the study variables

From: Living alone and antidepressant medication use: a prospective study in a working-age population

  n (%)
  Men
(n = 1695)
Women
(n = 1776)
All
(n = 3471)
Pfor gender
difference
Number of participants living alone 244 (14.4) 260 (14.6) 504 (14.5) 0.838
Number of antidepressant users:     
At baseline 75 (4.4) 140 (7.9) 215 (6.2) < 0.001
During 7-year follow-up 235 (13.9) 362 (20.4) 597 (17.2) < 0.001
Incident users during 7-year follow-up 175 (10.3) 245 (13.8) 420 (12.1) 0.002
Psychosocial factors: a     
   Poor job climate 622 (36.7) 604 (34.0) 1226 (35.3) 0.098
   Lack of support at the workplace 618 (36.5) 551 (31.0) 1169 (33.7) 0.001
   Lack of social support in private life 600 (35.4) 626 (35.2) 1226 (35.3) 0.926
   High cynical hostility 455 (26.8) 466 (26.2) 921 (26.5) 0.687
Sociodemographic factors:     
   Low occupational grade (blue-collar) 753 (44.4) 431 (24.3) 1184 (34.1) < 0.001
   Lack of secondary education 387 (22.8) 384 (21.6) 771 (22.2) 0.391
   Low income (< 50% of national median) 182 (10.7) 213 (12.0) 395 (11.4) 0.244
   Temporarily outside working lifeb 122 (7.2) 170 (9.6) 292 (8.4) 0.012
   Urban residency 1058 (62.4) 1193 (67.2) 2251 (64.9) 0.003
   Living at rent 379 (22.4) 402 (22.6) 781 (22.5) 0.846
   Poor housing conditionsc 152 (9.0) 185 (10.4) 337 (9.7) 0.149
Health behaviors:     
   Daily smokers 490 (28.9) 380 (21.4) 870 (25.1) < 0.001
   Heavy alcohol used 241 (14.2) 135 (7.6) 376 (10.8) < 0.001
   Infrequent physical activitye 336 (19.8) 424 (23.9) 760 (21.9) 0.004
   Obesity (BMI ≥ 30) 310 (18.3) 340 (19.1) 650 (18.7) 0.519
  1. The Health 2000 Study, n = 3471
  2. aThe highest tertile is the cut-off point
  3. bUnemployed, home-maker, full-time student, or retired during past 12 months
  4. cAt least 2 of the following: draft, noise, dust or dirt, dampness, chilliness, crowding, fear
  5. dAccording to WHO definintion: > 20 g for women per day, > 40 g for men per day
  6. eLess than 4 times per week of any activity, including moderate activity such as walking