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Table 4 Association between acceptance of provider-initiated HIV testing and counseling and each explanatory variable (Crude & adjusted OR)

From: Assessment of utilization of provider-initiated HIV testing and counseling as an intervention for prevention of mother to child transmission of HIV and associated factors among pregnant women in Gondar town, North West Ethiopia

Explanatory Variable Acceptance of PITC   Crude OR (95% CI) Adjusted OR (95% CI) P- value
  Yes(1) No(0)    
Age      
1524 154 20 7.35(3.44, 15.69) 5.55(1.57, 19.66) 0.024
2534 154 29 5.07(2.47, 10.39) 3.87(1.23, 12.15)  
35-49 22 21 1.00 1.00  
Residence      
Urban 262 23 7.87(4.47, 13.86) 2.85(1.10, 7.41) 0.031
Rural 68 47 1.00 1.00  
Education level      
No Education 144 50 0.22(0.11, 0.43) 3.64(1.04, 12.78) 0.067
Primary education 30 8 0.29(0.11, 0.77) 1.03(0.25, 4.35)  
Secondary & above 156 12 1.00 1.00  
Monthly Expenditure      
1000 birr/month 91 10 4.61(2.14, 9.93) 2.87(1.11, 7.44) 0.078
451999 birr/ month 168 24 3.55(1.98, 6.38) 1.34(0.41, 4.32)  
450 birr/month 71 36 1.00 1.00  
No of ANC visits      
Two and above 240 23 5.45(3.13, 9.49) 2.64(1.17, 5.95) 0.02
One 90 47 1.00 1.00  
Have Comprehensive Knowledge on HIV/AIDS      
Yes 224 15 7.75(4.19, 14.35) 4.30(1.72, 10.73) 0.002
No 106 55 1.00 1.00  
Attitude towards PITC      
More favourable 267 14 16.95(8.88, 32.37) 6.17(2.59, 14.74) <0.001
Less favourable 63 56 1.00 1.00  
Perceived Partner's reaction for HIV positive result      
Positive 271 15 16.84(8.91, 31.83) 8.19(3.57, 18.80) <0.001
Negative 59 55 1.00 1.00  
Have Knowledge on PMTCT      
Yes 221 14 8.11(4.32, 15.21) 3.27(1.34, 7.94) 0.009
No 109 56 1.00 1.00  
  1. For explanatory variables having more than two categories, the overall significance is given by their corresponding P-values
  2. The assessment made whether the required assumptions for the application of multiple logistic regression was fulfilled showed that this parsimonious model adequately fits the data as P=0.551 (by using Hosmer and Lemeshow test)