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Table 2 Total and proportional spending per prevention category in 53 countries, by epidemic type, 2008 (USD thousands)

From: Pattern and levels of spending allocated to HIV prevention programs in low- and middle-income countries

    Low-level   Concentrated   Generalized  
AIDS spending category Total % spending Total % spending Total % spending Total % spending
Communication for social and behavioral change 107,373 16% 5,058 12 35,040 11 67,275 21
Voluntary counselling and testing (VCT) 91,408 14% 1,665 4 32,589 11 57,154 18
Prevention of mother-to-child transmission 87,913 13% 854 2 34,980 11 52,079 16
Blood safety 69,542 10% 5,252 13 41,271 13 23,019 7
Prevention, diagnosis and treatment of sexually transmitted infections (STI) 40,937 6% 1,507 4 36,081 12 3,348 1
Prevention activities not disaggregated by intervention 37,617 6% 287 1 5,576 2 31,755 10
Community mobilization 33,128 5% 1,194 3 19,259 6 12,675 4
Condom social marketing 30,441 5% 4,340 11 6,834 2 19,267 6
Risk-reduction for vulnerable and accessible populations 25,777 4% 2,725 7 18,650 6 4,402 1
Harm-reduction programmes for injecting drug users 22,244 3% 6,275 15 15,451 5 518 0
Prevention - Youth in school 21,414 3% 1,902 5 7,034 2 12,477 4
Prevention programmes for sex workers and their clients 19,764 3% 2,555 6 13,513 4 3,696 1
Public and commercial sector male condom provision 15,817 2% 554 1 4,153 1 11,110 3
Prevention programmes in the workplace 13,296 2% 474 1 3,657 1 9,165 3
Prevention activities not elsewhere classified 10,881 2% 1,439 4 8,102 3 1,340 0
Programmes for men who have sex with men 9,887 1% 1,691 4 7,989 3 207 0
Prevention - Youth out-of-school 9,426 1% 671 2 6,779 2 1,976 1
Safe medical injections 6,727 1% 1,425 3 16 0 5,287 2
Prevention of HIV transmission aimed at people living with HIV 5,254 1% 363 1 3,160 1 1,732 1
Universal precautions 4,802 1% 537 1 4,185 1 80 0
Post-exposure prophylaxis 2,647 0.00 1 0 2,451 1 194 0
Male circumcision 1,089 0.00 0 0 922 0 168 0
Public and commercial sector female condom provision 1,060 0.00 9 0 722 0 329 0
Microbicides 21 0.00 0 0 21 0 - 0