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Table 3 Logistic regression results of the uptake of cervical cancer screening services among women, by selected barriers

From: Demographic, knowledge, attitudinal, and accessibility factors associated with uptake of cervical cancer screening among women in a rural district of Tanzania: Three public policy implications

Characteristics N Odds Ratio (95%CI ) P
Husband approval of cervical cancer screening     
Strongly approves 69 0.57 (0.73-4.48) 0.59
Approves a bit 38 0.78 (0.08-7.60) 0.83
Neutral 79 1.98 (0.14-27.30) 0.61
Disapproves a bit 28 0.18 (0.11-2.95) 0.23
Strongly disapproves(r) 42    
Level of education     
None(r) 21    
Primary 196 0.01 (0.00-0.70) 0.35
Secondary 126 0.08 (0.00-5.47) 0.24
College 11 0.05 (0.03-0.08) 1.00
Knowledge of cervical cancer and prevention     
High level 68 8.90 (2.14-16.03) 0.00*
Medium level 75 0.04 (0.00-1.81) 0.10
Low level(r) 211    
Embarrassment to have a cervical cancer screening     
Strongly agree(r) 57    
Agree 87 0.02 (0.00- 1.03) 1.00
Undecided 29 0.05 (0.00-2.34) 0.13
Disagree 136 0.01 (0.00-1.06) 0.05
Strongly disagree 45 1.72 (0.82-2.20) 0.82
Having a Pap smear taken is painful     
Strongly agree(r) 67    
Agree 97 1.42 (0.00-1.85) 0.99
Undecided 15 3.01 (2.01-4.08) 1.00
Disagree 144 3.77 (0.28-5.87) 0.32
Strongly disagree 31 3.18 (0.09-7.15) 0.52
Preference of health care provider sex to perform cervical cancer screening     
Male health provider(r) 43    
Female health provider 138 1.00 (0.14-7.02) 1.00
Any health provider 173 1.76 (0.30-10.19) 0.53
Awareness of the center which provide the services     
Yes 235 1.42 (0.29-9.43) 1.00
No (r) 199    
Distance to the nearest facility     
2 to 5 km 100 3.98 (0.18-5.10) 0.04*
6 to 10 km 210 1.30 (1.86-3.96) 0.08
30 km and above(r) 41    
  1. Note: r indicates the reference category for each variable, *p < 0.05