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Table 4 Psychosocial, health and demographic characteristics of participants who report serious teenager problems: multivariate logistic regression model

From: Is concern about young people's anti-social behaviour associated with poor health? cross-sectional evidence from residents of deprived urban neighbourhoods

   Participants who report that teenagers are a serious problem
Variable Category N1 %2 OR3 P4 95% CI5
Health       
Physical health (SF-12 v.2) Higher score = better n/a n/a 1.00 0.677   (0.99 -1.01)
Mental health (SF-12 v.2) Higher score = better n/a n/a 1.01 0.388   (0.99 -1.02)
Health service use       
Number of GP visits (last 12 months) None 244 19.35 1.00   
  1 to 6 817 21.19 1.33 0.012 (1.06 -1.66)
  7 or more 271 30.52 1.98 < 0.001* (1.40 -2.79)
Number of GP visits for a psychological issue (last 12 months) None 969 20.11 1.00   
  1 or more 342 30.40 1.34 0.033 (1.02 -1.76)
Individual       
Sex Male 490 20.43 1.00   
  Female 842 23.32 0.96 0.645 (0.82 - 1.13)
Ethnic group White UK 1074 21.48 1.00   
  Other 257 25.73 1.24 0.105 (0.96 -1.60)
Household structure Cohabiting 489 23.37 1.00   
  Single 832 21.54 0.92 0.335 (0.78 -1.09)
Age group (years) 65 or older 209 14.09 1.00   
  55 to 64 160 19.88 1.37 0.003 (1.11 -1.70)
  40 to 54 373 24.21 2.72 < 0.001* (1.75 -4.23)
  25 to 39 437 26.52 2.10 < 0.001* (1.54 -2.85)
  16 to 24 136 29.18 2.72 < 0.001* (1.75 -4.23)
Living with children No 794 19.53 1.00   
  Yes 527 27.64 1.16 0.109 (0.97 -1.39)
Educational qualifications 1 or more 396 25.26 1.00   
  None 936 21.18 0.88 0.133 (0.75 -1.04)
Problems paying bills Never 936 20.40 1.00   
  Sometimes 396 27.89 1.39 0.004 (1.11 -1.73)
Home Psychosocial Environment       
Feel safe at home Yes 1,219 21.6 1.00   
  No 113 31.04 0.92 0.621 (0.65 -1.30)
Feel in control at home Yes 1,227 21.53 1.00    
  No 105 34.09 1.23 0.356 (0.79 -1.93)
Feel privacy at home Yes 1,253 22 1.00    
  No 79 38 0.86 0.391 (0.60 -1.22)
Self-esteem from home Yes 1,173 21.08 1.00    
  No 159 35.89 1.38 0.076 (0.97 -1.97)
   Participants who report that teenagers are a serious problem
Variable Category N 1 % 2 OR 3 P 4 95% CI 5
Neighbourhood Psychosocial Environment
Safe neighbourhood Yes 825 18.43 1.00   
  No 507 33.09 1.94 < 0.001* (1.66 -2.28)
Informal controls in neighbourhood Yes 947 20.23 1.00   
  No 385 29.01 0.92 0.472 (0.73 -1.16)
Good neighbourhood reputation Yes 154 14.47 1.00   
  No 1,178 23.83 1.45 0.033 (1.03 -2.05)
Tolerant neighbourhood Yes 1,120 21.92 1.00   
  No 212 23.61 0.75 0.096 (0.53 -1.05)
Trust neighbours Yes 700 18.13 1.00   
  No 632 29.45 1.59 < 0.001* (1.25 -2.04)
Efficacy Yes 1,027 20.22 1.00   
  No 305 32.87 1.28 0.064 (0.99 -1.67)
Neighbourhood belonging Yes 975 19.98 1.00   
  No 357 31.65 1.30 0.074 (0.97 -1.73)
Self-esteem from neighbourhood Yes 950 18.89 1.00   
  No 382 38.98 1.66 < 0.001* (1.39 -1.99)
Neighbourhood decline in last 2 years No decline 878 19.24 1.00   
  Declined 351 41.20 2.53 < 0.001* (1.92 -3.32)
Social networks and connections with neighbourhood
Meet with relatives ≥ weekly 379 18.18 1.00   
  < weekly 953 24.29 1.56 < 0.001* (1.23 -1.98)
Meet with friends ≥ weekly 282 18.44 1.00   
  < weekly 1,050 23.44 1.05 0.725 (0.80 -1.38)
Social support Someone 907 19.21 1.00   
  Nobody 425 33.02 1.77 < 0.001* (1.36 -2.29)
Contact with neighbours < weekly 282 19.65 1.00   
  ≥ weekly 1,050 22.96 1.37 0.007 (1.09 -1.73)
Length of residence in neighbourhood (years) < 2 202 20.76 1.00   
  ≥ 2 1,072 22.05 1.23 0.238 (0.87 -1.73)
Walk around neighbourhood < weekly 196 17.58 1.00   
  ≥ weekly 1,132 23.38 1.63 0.011 (1.12 -2.37)
  1. 1 Number of participants from each category who report teenagers are a serious neighbourhood problem (categorical data only)
  2. 2 Percentage of participants from each category who report teenagers are a serious neighbourhood problem categorical data only)
  3. 3 Odds ratio
  4. 4 P value
  5. 5 95% Confidence interval
  6. * P < 0.05 after Bonferroni correction
  7. Total sample n = 6008; number of observations = 5584