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Table 3 Bivariate comparison of factors associated with students experiencing alcohol-related non-consensual sex, by sex

From: Gender differences in alcohol-related non-consensual sex; cross-sectional analysis of a student population

Variable Category Total Never experienced alcohol-related non-consensual sex Experienced alcohol-related non-consensual sex X 2 P
    Female students    
   N (%) N (%) N (%)   
Alcohol consumption Non hazardous 244 (30.5) 196 (37.1) 48 (17.8)   
  Hazardous 555 (69.5) 333 (62.9) 222 (82.2) 31.30 < 0.001
A is mildly drunk, B severely. B is too drunk to give consent. They have sex. Next day B states rape occurred. Should A be held responsible for rape? Disagree 197 (24.3) 139 (25.8) 58 (21.3)   
  Undecided 161(19.9) 117 (21.7) 44 (16.2)   
  Agree 453 (55.9) 283 (52.5) 170 (62.5) 7.50 0.023
A significant number of rapes reported to the police are false allegations Disagree 353 (43.6) 211 (39.2) 142 (52.2)   
  Undecided 184 (22.7) 132 (24.5) 52 (19.1)   
  Agree 273 (33.7) 195 (36.2) 78 (28.7) 12.40 0.002
Being drunk when having sex increases the likelihood of a false rape allegation Disagree 108 (13.3) 58 (10.8) 50 (18.4)   
  Undecided 65 (8.0) 42 (7.8) 23 (8.5)   
  Agree 637 (78.6) 438 (81.4) 199 (73.2) 9.49 0.009
Women who regret sex when drunk are more likely to report a false rape allegation Disagree 243 (30.0) 145 (27.0) 98 (36.0)   
  Undecided 100 (12.3) 69 (12.8) 31 (11.4)   
  Agree 467 (57.7) 324 (60.2) 143 (52.6) 7.10 0.029
Women are more interested in sex when drunk compared to when sober Disagree 324 (40.1) 215 (40.1) 109 (40.1)   
  Undecided 96 (11.9) 76 (14.2) 20 (7.4)   
  Agree 388 (48.0) 245 (45.7) 143 (52.6) 8.85 0.012
A woman who has drank alcohol and is drunk, should hold some responsibility for a rape/assault that may then happen Disagree 497 (61.8) 311 (58.2) 186 (68.9)   
  Undecided 60 (7.5) 49 (9.2) 11 (4.1)   
  Agree 247 (30.7) 174 (32.6) 73 (27.0) 11.34 0.003
    Male students    
   N (%) N (%) N (%)   
Have sex with: Opposite sex 224 (87.5) 184 (91.5) 40 (72.7)   
  Same sex 22 (8.6) 13 (6.5) 9 (16.4)   
  Both sexes 10 (3.9) 4 (2.0) 6 (10.9) 15.46 < 0.001
Consent is about having the freedom to choose to have sex No 35 (13.7) 26 (12.9) 9 (17.0)   
  Unsure 54 (21.2) 50 (24.8) 4 (7.5)   
  Yes 166 (65.1) 126 (62.4) 40 (75.5) 7.49 0.024
A and B are severely drunk. A is too drunk to establish if consent is present. B is too drunk to consent. They have sex. Next day B states rape occurred. How would you describe this? Consensual 47 (18.4) 35 (17.5) 12 (21.8)   
  Rape 10 (3.9) 10 (5.0) 0 (0.0)   
  A mid-point 160 (62.7) 119 (59.5) 41 (74.5)   
  Undecided 38 (14.9) 36 (18.0) 2 (3.6) 10.72 0.013
  1. Only variables which differed significantly by experience of alcohol related non-consensual sex are displayed.