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Table 1 Bivariate comparison of male and female students' alcohol consumption and sexual activity

From: Gender differences in alcohol-related non-consensual sex; cross-sectional analysis of a student population

Variable Category Total Female Male   
   N (%) N (%) N (%) X 2 P
AUDIT score Non-hazardous 305 (28.8) 246 (30.6) 59 (23.2)   
  Hazardous 753 (71.2) 558 (69.4) 195 (76.8) 5.11 0.024
Relevance of other person flirting with you when deciding whether they will agree to have sex with you Irrelevant 384 (35.7) 326 (39.9) 58 (22.4)   
  Undecided 171 (15.9) 123 (15.1) 48 (18.5)   
  Relevant 521 (48.4) 368 (45.0) 153 (59.1) 26.38 < 0.001
Relevance of the other person kissing you when deciding whether they will agree to have sex with you Irrelevant 212 (19.8) 192 (23.6) 20 (7.8)   
  Undecided 116 (10.8) 90 (11.0) 26 (10.1)   
  Relevant 745 (69.4) 533 (65.4) 212 (82.2) 32.89 < 0.001
Relevance of the other person removing some of their clothes when deciding whether they will agree to have sex with you Irrelevant 128 (12.0) 118 (14.6) 10 (3.9)   
  Undecided 120 (11.2) 105 (13.0) 15 (5.8)   
  Relevant 821 (76.8) 587 (72.5) 234 (90.3) 35.95 < 0.001
Relevance of the other person removing some of your clothes when deciding whether they will agree to have sex with you Irrelevant 126 (11.8) 118 (14.6) 8 (3.1)   
  Undecided 108 (10.1) 91 (11.2) 17 (6.6)   
  Relevant 832 (78.0) 600 (74.2) 232 (90.3) 32.34 < 0.001
Relevance of the other person verbally agreeing to have sex with you when deciding whether they will agree to have sex with you Irrelevant 55 (5.1) 49 (6.0) 6 (2.3)   
  Undecided 51 (4.8) 42 (5.2) 9 (3.5)   
  Relevant 964 (90.1) 722 (88.8) 242 (94.2) 6.94 0.031
Relevance of the other person agreeing to go back to your house when deciding whether they will agree to have sex with you Irrelevant 356 (33.1) 289 (35.4) 67 (26.0)   
  Undecided 235 (21.9) 184 (22.5) 51 (19.8)   
  Relevant 483 (45.0) 343 (42.0) 140 (54.3) 12.49 0.002
Consent is about agreeing to sex through choice No 31 (2.9) 17 (2.1) 14 (5.4)   
  Unsure 76 (7.1) 61 (7.5) 15 (5.8)   
  Yes 961 (90.0) 733 (90.4) 228 (88.7) 8.39 0.015
Consent is about having the freedom to choose to have sex No 125 (11.7) 90 (11.1) 35 (13.7)   
  Unsure 177 (16.6) 123 (15.2) 54 (21.1)   
  Yes 762 (71.6) 595 (73.6) 167 (65.2) 7.01 0.030
Consent needs to be verbally agreed No 297 (27.8) 201 (24.8) 96 (37.4)   
  Unsure 228 (21.4) 176 (21.7) 52 (20.2)   
  Yes 542 (50.8) 433 (53.5) 109 (42.4) 15.91 < 0.001
Being drunk affects one's capacity to make reasonable decisions Disagreee 42 (3.9) 26 (3.2) 16 (6.2)   
  Undecided 7 (0.7) 4 (0.5) 3 (1.2)   
  Agree 1023 (95.4) 783 (96.3) 240 (92.7) 6.06 0.048
Being drunk affects one's capacity to consent to sex Disagree 165 (15.4) 105 (12.9) 60 (23.2)   
  Undecided 44 (4.1) 34 (4.2) 10 (3.9)   
  Agree 862 (80.5) 673 (82.9) 189 (73.0) 15.80 < 0.001
A drunk person is unable to consent to sex Disagree 755 (70.6) 552 (67.9) 203 (79.0)   
  Undecided 130 (12.1) 110 (13.5) 20 (7.8)   
  Agree 185 (17.3) 151 (18.6) 34 (13.2) 11.94 0.003
If a person is drunk, as long as they remain physically conscious they will be capable of choosing to have sex Disagree 716 (66.9) 565 (69.6) 151 (58.5)   
  Undecided 136 (12.7) 104 (12.8) 32 (12.4)   
  Agree 218 (20.4) 143(17.6) 75 (29.1) 16.22 < 0.001
Person A is mildly drunk; person B is severely drunk and too drunk to give consent. They have sex. Next day B states rape has occurred. Should A be held responsible for rape? Disagree 291 (27.1) 198(24.3) 93 (35.9)   
  Undecided 207 (19.3) 164 (20.1) 43 (16.6)   
  Agree 577 (53.7) 454 (55.6) 123 (47.5) 13.52 0.001
Person A is moderately drunk; person B is severely drunk and too drunk to give consent. They have sex. Next day B states rape has occurred. Should A be held responsible for rape? Disagree 503 (46.8) 353 (43.3) 150 (57.9)   
  Undecided 238 (22.1) 199 (24.4) 39 (15.1)   
  Agree 334 (31.1) 264 (32.4) 70 (27.0) 18.55 < 0.001
Person A and B are severely drunk: A too drunk to establish if consent is present, B too drunk to consent. They have sex. Next day B states rape. Should A be held responsible for rape? Disagree 857 (79.7) 637 (78.1) 220 (84.9)   
  Undecided 153 (14.2) 132 (16.2) 21 (8.1)   
  Agree 65 (6.0) 47 (5.8) 18 (6.9) 10.62 0.005
How would you describe this scenario? Person A and B are severely drunk: A too drunk to establish if consent is present, B too drunk to consent. They have sex. Next day B states rape. Consensual 149 (13.9) 102 (12.5) 47 (18.4)   
  Rape 32 (3.0) 21 (2.6) 11 (4.3)   
  Mid-point 720 (67.4) 560 (68.9) 160 (62.5)   
  Undecided 168 (15.7) 130 (16.0) 38 (14.8) 7.97 0.047
A significant number of rapes reported to the police are false allegations Disagree 436 (40.7) 356 (43.7) 80 (31.3)   
  Undecided 239 (22.3) 185 (22.7) 54 (21.1)   
  Agree 396 (37.0) 274 (33.6) 122 (47.7) 18.00 < 0.001
Being drunk when having sex increases the likelihood of a false rape allegation Disagree 130 (12.1) 109 (13.4) 21 (8.2)   
  Undecided 73 (6.8) 65 (8.0) 8 (3.1)   
  Agree 869 (81.1) 641 (78.7) 228 (88.7) 13.59 0.001
Who do you have sex with? Opposite sex 950 (89.0) 725 (89.5) 225 (87.5)   
  Same sex 58 (5.4) 36 (4.4) 22 (8.6)   
  Both sexes 59 (5.5) 49 (6.0) 10 (3.9) 7.81 0.020
  1. Only variables which differed significantly by sex are displayed.