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Table 1 Observed values of HRQoL by smoking status (N = 13,241) in English general population

From: Smoking and health-related quality of life in English general population: implications for economic evaluations

Smoking status % of N Mean* SD* Range* M** SC** UA** PD** AD**
Never smoker 46.9 .8839 .2069 -.484,1 15.04 4.19 13.66 28.20 15.26
Ex-occasional smoker 5.4 .8825 .1891 -.016,1 16.86 4.13 15.48 30.65 16.05
Ex-regular smoker 26.0 .8225 .2512 -.594,1 25.49 7.46 21.62 41.76 18.99
Light smoker 7.2 .8724 .2187 -.184,1 13.38 4.90 11.73 29.56 20.15
Moderate smoker 8.6 .8474 .2432 -.239,1 17.17 5.45 16.65 32.21 23.91
Heavy smoker 5.9 .7739 .3088 -.594,1 26.70 10.42 25.06 41.90 31.92
  1. * Observed EQ-5D tariff
  2. ** Observed frequency (%) of "some" or "severe" problems in EQ-5D dimensions
  3. M = Mobility; SC = Self-care; UA = Usual Activity; PD = Pain/discomfort;
  4. AD = Anxiety/depression)
  5. Based on Health Survey for England 2006