Skip to main content

Table 3 Exposure to IUD or sterilization counselling and attitudes among women unwilling to try the method in the future†

From: Factors impacting knowledge and use of long acting and permanent contraceptive methods by postpartum HIV positive and negative women in Cape Town, South Africa: a cross-sectional study

  HIV Positive HIV Negative P-value*
  n (%) n (%)  
  n = 265 n = 273  
Counselled by provider on family planning methods    
   Yes 128(48.3%) 160(58.6%) 0.017
   No 137(51.7%) 113(41.4%)  
  n = 128 n = 160  
Counselled by provider on IUD †    
   Yes 10(7.8%) 16(10.0%) 0.520
   No 118(92.2%) 144(90.0%)  
Overall opinion of IUD    
   Favourable 210(79.3%) 188(68.9%) 0.001
   Unfavourable 34(12.8%) 70(25.6%)  
   No opinion 21(7.9%) 15(5.5%)  
  n = 44 n = 52  
Reasons for not using IUD in future ‡    
   Prefer sterilization/already sterilized 11(25.0%) 13(25.0%) 1.00
   Concern about/Fear of Insertion and removal procedure 9(20.5%) 11(21.2%) 0.933
   Not sure if safe with current health status 9(20.5%) 2(3.9%) 0.021
   More info needed 5(11.4%) 4(7.7%) 0.728
   Don't know enough or scared 4(9.1%) 4(7.7%) 1.00
   Unsure 5(11.4%) 8(15.4%) 0.766
  n = 128 n = 160  
Counselled by provider on female sterilization†    
   Yes 74(57.8%) 74(46.3%) 0.051
   No 54(42.2%) 86(53.8%)  
Overall opinion of Sterilization    
   Favourable 201(75.9%) 196(71.8%) 0.561
   Unfavourable 43(16.2%) 51(18.7%)  
   No opinion 21(7.9%) 26(9.5%)  
  n = 57 n = 80  
Reasons for not using sterilization in future §    
   Permanent 30(52.6%) 57(71.3%) 0.026
   Surgical procedure 10(17.5%) 22(27.5%) 0.175
   Too young/not married 18(31.6%) 25(31.3%) 0.967
   Need more information 3 (5.3%) 16(20.0%) 0.014
   Afraid of procedure 13(22.8%) 16(20.0%) 0.692
   No protection against STIs and HIV 3(5.3%) 3(3.8%) 0.693
  1. *P-values for comparisons using Chi-squared and Fisher's exact
  2. †Denominator is women who received family planning counselling
  3. ‡Participants could report several reasons; those shown where n > 5. Denominator is women not willing to try the IUD in the future
  4. §Participants could report several reasons; those shown where n > 5. Denominator is women not willing to try female sterilization in the future.