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Table 2 Use of contraception and most common reasons reported for method choice by type of contraceptive method currently using

From: Factors impacting knowledge and use of long acting and permanent contraceptive methods by postpartum HIV positive and negative women in Cape Town, South Africa: a cross-sectional study

  HIV Positive
n = 265
HIV Negative
n = 273
P-value*
  n (%) n (%)  
Currently using a family planning method 0.763
   Yes 238 89.8% 243 89.0%  
   No 27 10.2% 30 11.0%  
  n = 238 n = 243  
Method currently used
   IUD 0 0% 0 0% N/A
   Male Sterilization 0 0% 1 0.4% N/A
   Female Sterilization 17 7.1% 14 5.8% 0.537
   Condoms† 13 5.5% 6 2.5% 0.105
   Pills 2 0.8% 6 2.5% 0.285
   2 monthly injectable 48 20.2% 59 24.3% 0.278
   3 monthly injectable 167 70.2% 160 65.8% 0.309
  Hormonal methods
(Injectables and Pills)
 
  HIV Positive
n = 217
HIV Negative
n = 225
 
Reason for hormonal method choice§
   Method is convenient for me 110 50.7% 99 44% 0.159
   Provider recommended the method 106 48.9% 133 59.1% 0.030
   No side effects 18 8.3% 30 13.3% 0.089
   Effective in preventing pregnancy 12 5.5% 25 11.1% 0.034
   Partner approves of method 0 0% 1 0.5% N/A
  Female sterilization  
  HIV Positive
n = 17
HIV Negative
n = 14
 
Reason for female sterilization method choice§
   Method is convenient for me 15 88.2% 10 71.4% 0.370
   Effective in preventing pregnancy 7 41.2% 10 71.4% 0.149
   Provider recommended the method 5 29.4% 2 14.3% 0.412
   Partner approves of method 4 23.5% 4 28.6% 1.00
   No side effects 0 0% 2 14.3% 0.196
  1. *P-values for bi-variate comparisons using Chi-squared test or Fisher's exact test
  2. †Includes use of male and female condoms
  3. §Respondents could name more than one reason; this table presents the four most common reasons for each method group.