Skip to main content

Advertisement

Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Table 3 Prevalence of potential risk factors among controls and comparison with the native German population

From: Risk factors for cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases among ethnic Germans from the former Soviet Union: results of a nested case-control study

Potential risk factors Prevalence of potential risk factors among Aussiedler (controls) in % Prevalence of the native German population in % Literature/comments
  Male Female Male Female  
Alcohol (> 20 g/day for men)
Alcohol (> 10 g/day for women)
11.9 a 0 30.5 13.3 [32]c
Smoking (yes) 59.0 3.0 58.9 24.4 [35]c
Diabetes mellitus (yes) 9.3 b 10.8 b 17.9/9.8 19.3/13.8 [30]c,
      new/old federal states
Cholesterol (yes) 9.3 b 18.9 b 13.1 16.2 [31]c
      > 300 mg/100 ml,
    13.1 14.3 [35]
BMI (> 25.0 kg/m2) 68.4 76.1 69.7 56.0 [29]c
      > 25 kg/m2
High blood pressure (yes) 57.8 66.2 48.4 50.9 [34]c
      12 months prevalence, yes
    79.4 75.9 [33]
      SBP ≥ 140 mmHg and/or
      DBP ≥ 90 mmHg
No regular physical activity 71.6 56.7 49.6 46.0 [34]c
Fruit and vegetables (daily) 73.8 73.1 67.5 81.9 [34]c
  1. a Only taking into account the age group 45-79 for comparison with literature
  2. b Only taking into account the age group 40-79 for comparison with literature
  3. c Age-weighted averages, according to age distribution in control group