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Table 2 Distribution by sex, univariate and adjusted odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals for selected variables among ethnic Germans

From: Risk factors for cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases among ethnic Germans from the former Soviet Union: results of a nested case-control study

Variable Males Females univariateb multivariatec
  Cases
N (%a)
Controls N (%a) Cases N (%a) Controls N (%a) OR 95%CI OR 95%CI
BMI (> 27.0 kg/m 2 ) 29 (41) 80 (44) 13 (46) 28 (42) 1.74 (1.05 - 2.90)   
Alcohol consumption 22 (31) 14 (8) 1 (4) 0 (0) 5.61 (2.65-11.87) 3.68 (1.58-8.58)
Smoking (current or former) 57 (81) 108 (59) 3 (11) 2 (3) 3.22 (1.60 - 6.12) 3.07 (1.42-6.62)
physical activity (intensive) 3 (4) 16 (9) 0 (0) 6 (9) 0.29 (0.08 - 1.01)   
Daily Fruit and vegetable consumption 38 (54) 135 (74) 24 (86) 49 (73) 0.64 (0.39 - 1.04)   
Sweets (little) 25 (36) 103 (56) 9 (32) 29 (43) 0.46 (0.27 - 0.76) 0.34 (0.18-0.64)
Salt (little) 37 (53) 124 (68) 21 (75) 52 (78) 0.50 (0.37 - 0.97)   
Work (physically demanding) 56 (80) 137 (75) 18 (64) 46 (69) 1.13 (0.65 - 1.95)   
Low education 34 (49) 76 (42) 16 (57) 35 (52) 1.06 (0.46 - 2.43)   
Diabetes mellitus (yes) 16 (23) 17 (9) 5 (18) 8 (12) 2.53 (1.31 - 4.88) 3.29 (1.46-7.39)
High blood pressure (yes) 42 (64) 100 (57) 18 (69) 43 (66) 1.26 (0.75 - 2.12)   
High cholesterol level (yes) 23 (41) 19 (13) 3 (20) 11 (23) 3.10 (1.58 - 6.07) 2.32 (1.11-4.88)
Drug treatment of hypertension (yes) 36 (51) 89 (49) 18 (64) 39 (58) 1.17 (0.72 - 1.80)   
Diabetes mellitus of the parents (yes) 14 (28) 7 (4) 1 (5) 3 (5) 4.53 (1.75 - 11.74)   
High blood pressure of the parents (yes) 18 (37) 39 (23) 5 (28) 20 (32) 1.71 (0.75 - 3.80)   
CVD of the parents (yes) 15 (33) 47 (28) 4 (24) 23 (37) 1.35 (0.60 - 2.63)   
Cancer of the parents (yes) 11 (23) 34 (20) 0(0) 17 (27) 0.93 (0.46 - 1.89)   
  1. a percentage exposed of all non-missings
  2. b based on conditional logistic regression, stratified by sex, year of birth, year of migration
  3. c based on conditional logistic regression, variables selected by backward selection method