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Table 2 Likelihood of receiving medical advice by race/ethnicity and performing the behaviors

From: Medical advice and diabetes self-management reported by Mexican-American, Black- and White-non-Hispanic adults across the United States

Dependent
(changed behaviors)
Independent
Medical advice
Unadjusted
OR (95% CI)
Adjusted
OR (95% CI)
Diagnosed diabetes
Reducing fat or caloriesa Told to reduce fat or calories 8.78 (5.57, 13.8) 6.87 (3.83, 12.3)
Increasing physical activity or exerciseb Told to increase physical activity or exercise 6.53 (3.73, 11.4) 6.34 (3.55, 11.5)
Controlling or losing weightc Told to control or lose weight 4.64 (2.32, 9.32) 4.13 (1.98, 8.62)
Comparison undiagnosed/diagnosed diabetesd
Reducing fat or calories Told to reduce fat or calories   
  Diagnosed 8.73 (5.86, 13.0) 8.58 (5.78, 12.7)
  Undiagnosed 2.54 (0.68, 9.43) 2.28 (0.55, 9.53)
Increasing physical activity or exercise Told to increase physical activity or exercise   
  Diagnosed 6.29 (3.88, 10.2) 6.72 (3.87, 11.7)
  Undiagnosed 3.03 (1.47, 6.27) 2.87 (1.34, 6.12)
Controlling or losing weight Told to control or lose weight   
  Diagnosed 4.48 (2.70, 7.44) 4.18 (1.96, 8.94)
  Undiagnosed 2.88 (0.52, 16.07) 2.42 (0.38, 15.16)
  1. aAdjusted for age, gender, obesity and diabetes education; bAdjusted for age; cAdjusted for overweight/obesity; d Unadjusted models include the main effect of ethnicity/race; covariates for the adjusted models include age, gender, race/ethnicity, body mass index category, and health insurance.
  2. Notes: The Odds are for those performed the behavior and the ratio is 'received/did not receive' the advice. There were no statistically significant differences comparing undiagnosed/diagnosed by told for any model.