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Table 1 Characteristics of the participants (N = 624)a

From: Medical advice and diabetes self-management reported by Mexican-American, Black- and White-non-Hispanic adults across the United States

Variableb MA BNH WNH P MA/WNH P BNH/WNH P Total
Age (years) 56.2 ± 1.95 57.6 ± 0.89 60.7 ± 0.65 0.019 0.012 0.002
Gender     - - 0.127
Male 54 (48.1) 96 (398) 160 (50.2) - -  
Female 67 (51.9) 117 (60.2) 128 (49.8) - -  
Years with diabetes 9.68 ± 0.85 11.6 ± 0.67 11.6 ± 0.68 0.127 0.989 0.242
Education       < 0.001
≤ 8th grade 56 (41.5) 25 (9.2) 37 (10.1) - - -
> 8th < HS 29 (25.7) 60 (28.2) 59 (15.0) - - -
HS/GED 12 (11.8) 50 (24.1) 89 (31.0) - - -
Some college 23 (21.0) 78 (38.6) 103 (43.7) - - -
Income       0.132
< 15,000 21 (17.0) 47 (21.3) 49 (12.0) - - -
15 to 34,999 29 (26.5) 62 (30.9) 111(34.2) - - -
35 to 54,999 26(24.0) 33(15.8) 41(16.4) - - -
55 to 74,999 9 (7.1) 24 (12.3) 21 (12.7) - - -
≥ 75,000 20 (15.3) 28 (16.1) 38 (22.4) - - -
Refused 5 (3.4) 2 (0.6) 4 (2.2) - - -
Don't know 6 (3.9) 5 (2.9) 2 (0.6) -   
Health insurancec none in the past 12 months 38.0 (6.7) 14.8 (3.3) 6.9 (1.2) < 0.001 0.055 < 0.001
Age first told had diabetesd 71.8(21) 46.0(1.1) 60.8(5.4)    < 0.001
  1. Abbreviations: MA = Mexican American; BNH = Black non-Hispanic; WNH = White non-Hispanic; BMI = body mass index; LDL = low-density lipoprotein cholesterol.
  2. aunweighted cases varies based on the variable for the: MEC (mobile examination center) participants.
  3. b Continuous variables are given as (mean ± SE) were tested by one-way ANOVA and categorical; variables are given as N (%) and were tested by Pearson's chi-square.
  4. c The values are percent (SE) for the unadjusted odds ratios. The adjusted odds ratios are as follows; OR MA/WNH = 5.73 (2.17, 15.1), p < 0.001; OR BNH/WNH = 1.90 (0.77, 4.70), p = 0.151 (controlling for age and education).
  5. d Results are mean(SE). N = 622 (32 (5%) missing responses).