Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 5 Results for the fixed effects spatial error model (SEA) and the fixed effects spatial autocorrelation model (SAR)

From: Infant mortality in Brazil, 1980-2000: A spatial panel data analysis

Spatial fixed effects
Dependent variable:
log(infant mortality rate)t - log(infant mortality rate)t-1
FE SEA model FE SAR model
Number of public health care institutions per 1,000 people t-1 0.046 ** 0.033 *
Number of private health care institutions per 1,000 people t-1 0.182 *** 0.184 ***
% of households with access to water t-1 0.212 *** 0.170 ***
% of households with access to sanitation t-1 0.133 *** 0.134 ***
Average income (2000 R$) t-1 0.000   0.000  
Gini Index t-1 -0.248 *** -0.264 ***
Female illiteracy rate (15 years old or more) t-1 -0.275 *** -0.346 ***
% of urban population t-1 -0.061   -0.069  
Adolescent fertility rate (10-19 years old) t-1 -0.385 *** -0.222  
W * Number of public health care institutions per 1,000 people t- 1 -0.069    
W * Number of private health care institutions per 1,000 people t-1 0.593 ***   
W * % of households with access to water t-1 0.189 ***   
W * % of households with access to sanitation t-1 0.204 ***   
Spatial error autocorrelation (ρ) 0.553 ***   
Spatial lag of the log(infant mortality rate) (δ)    0.5530 ***
R 2 0.5478   0.6607  
σ ε 2 0.0262   0.0262  
Loglikelihood 2,724   2,723  
AIC -5,421   -5,426  
Corr-squared 0.1792   0.1803  
N 7,318   7,318  
  1. * α = 0.10; ** α = 0.05; *** α = 0.01;