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Table 3 Results for the pooled and the spatial fixed effects models for the log of infant mortality rate

From: Infant mortality in Brazil, 1980-2000: A spatial panel data analysis

Dependent variable: log(infant mortality rate) Pooled model Fixed Effects
Constant 4.064 ***   
Number of public health care institutions per 1,000 people 0.004   -0.011  
Number of private health care institutions per 1,000 people -0.153 *** -0.246 ***
% of households with access to water 0.151 *** -0.058 **
% of households with access to sanitation -0.040   -0.214 ***
Average income (2000 R$) -0.001 *** 0.000  
Gini Index -0.103 ** -0.109  
Female illiteracy rate (15 years old or more) 1.805 *** 0.697 ***
% of urban population -0.150 *** -0.770 ***
Adolescent fertility rate (10-19 years old) -0.983 *** 0.408 ***
W * Number of public health care institutions per 1,000 People -0.070 *** -0.208 ***
W * Number of private health care institutions per 1,000 people -1.216 *** -1.286 ***
W * % of households with access to water -0.908 *** -0.900 ***
W * % of households with access to sanitation -0.064 ** -0.747 ***
R 2 0.7311   0.7906  
Adjusted R 2 0.7308   0.7904  
σ ε 2 0.1137   0.0401  
LM test - spatial lag 0.58   9,708.69 ***
robust LM test - spatial lag 0.07   1,710.14 ***
LM test - spatial error 221.95 *** 8,090.69 ***
robust LM test - spatial error 221.43 *** 92.14 ***
N 10,977   10,977  
  1. * α = 0.10; ** α = 0.05; *** α = 0.01;