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Table 5 Determinants of mental well-being (WHO-5)

From: Mental health in the slums of Dhaka - a geoepidemiological study

Level   Mental health- determining factor (HDF) Multivariable generalized linear regression
    Coefficient 95%CI LL/UL
Neighbourhood Physical environment Natural environment -0.06*** -0.08/-0.03
  Flood non-affectedness 0.06*** 0.04/0.09
Household Physical environment Housing quality 0.03* 0.01/0.06
   Basic services --- ---
   Sanitation 0.08*** 0.06/0.11
   Housing sufficiency 0.07*** 0.04/0.09
   Housing durability 0.07*** 0.05/0.09
  Economic Environment Household wealth --- ---
   Job satisfaction 0.09*** 0.06/0.11
   Income generation 0.08*** 0.06/0.11
  Social Environment Population density -0.05*** -0.07/-0.02
Individual   Smoking behaviour --- ---
   Environmental health 0.11*** 0.08/0.13
   knowledge   
   Personal health -0.03* -0.05/-0.004
   knowledge   
   Community member 0.07. -0.02/0.15
   Using bed net --- ---
   Education --- ---
   Married --- ---
   Migrant 0.06. -0.02/0.15
   Age -0.01*** -0.01/-0.004
   Gender:   
      Female Reference  
      Male 0.11*** 0.06/0.16
   Having had a disease:   
      No Reference  
      Yes -0.22*** -0.28/-0.16
Significance codes: < 0.001 '***',< 0.01 „**',< 0.05 '*',> 0.05 '.', not in model '---' CI: Confidence interval with, LL=Lower limit and, UL=Upper limit
  1. A multivariable generalised linear regression model was used assuming a negative-binomial distribution of the target variable mental well-being (WHO-5 score). The explaining variables (HDF) are displayed in the table. A forward/backward model selection approach was used based on AIC. Note that despite conceptualising the HDF at different levels, all analyses were done at the individual level.