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Table 2 Characteristics of the participants in the randomized working population sample and the sick-listed sample (n = 5807), for women and men respectively

From: Can work ability explain the social gradient in sickness absence: a study of a general population in Sweden

  Women
n = 3547
Men
n = 2260
  Sick-listed sample
n = 2022
Pearson's Chi square1 Randomized working population sample
n = 1525
Sick-listed sample
n = 1022
Pearson's Chi square1 Randomized working population sample
n = 1238
  % (n) Chisq.
Value
% (n) % (n) Chisq.
Value
% (n)
Years old       
   19-30 10 (208)*   15 (224) 12 (125)*   17 (215)
   31-50 47 (953) 23.91 49 (751) 40 (412)* 47.75 49 (610)
   51-64 43 (861)*   36 (550) 48 (485)*   34 (413)
Income       
   0-149 000 10 (209)*   15 (230) 6 (67)*   10 (124)
   150 000-299 000 73 (1478)* 43.71 63 (957) 57 (580)* 48.05 42 (523)
   300 000- 17 (335)*   22 (338) 37 (375)*   48 (591)
Land of birth       
   Nordic countries 92 (1857) 3.23 93 (1425) 88 (896)* 7.10 91 (1128)
   Other 8 (165)   7 (100) 12 (126)*   9 (110)
Educational level       
   Primary education 20 (393)*   16 (245) 31 (309)*   17 (210)
   Secondary education 40 (801) 8.85 40 (598) 49 (489) 83.42 48 (594)
   University or college 40 (805)*   44 (668) 20 (207)*   35 (427)
Socioeconomic position       
   Higher non-manual 11 (227)*   16 (234) 11 (106)*   21 (257)
   Intermediate non-manual 27 (550)   30 (447) 16 (158)*   24 (290)
   Lower non-manual 15 (291)* 86.89 18 (265) 7 (67)* 101.23 9 (290)
   Skilled manual 21 (425)*   17 (252) 29 (288)*   21 (249)
   Non-skilled manual 26 (511)*   20 (303) 38 (383)*   26 (312)
Mental work ability       
   High 75 (1479)* 86.89 88 (1313) 78 (753)* 66.13 90 (1098)
Physical work ability       
   High 65 (1272)* 214.13 87 (1293) 69 (675)* 139.85 90 (1085)
Employer       
   Private/self-employed 30 (567)* 36.52 40 (576) 71 (672) 3.20 73 (856)
   Public 70 (1332)*   60 (855) 29 (269)   27 (317)
Current sick-leave       
   Yes 46 (924)* 630.93 7 (107) 44 (447)* 519.64 4 (48)
  1. *Statistically significant difference (p < 0.05), between the sick-listed sample and the randomized working population sample
  2. 1 Chi square value for the distributional comparison between the sick-listed sample and the randomized working population sample