Skip to main content

Table 2 Multivariate analysis of pre-post community health workers intervention and of others factors predicting the failure to perform contact tracing among smear-positive pulmonary tuberculosis immigrant patients.

From: Community health workers improve contact tracing among immigrants with tuberculosis in Barcelona

Variables CTa not performed N/Total(%) N = 353 CT ORb 95%CI CT ORc 95%CI CT p-value
CHW interventiond     
Yes (2003-2005 period) 28/152(19.0) 1 1  
No (2000-2002 period) 69/201(34.3) 2.3(1.4-3.8) 2.4(1.3-4.3) 0.005
Sex     
Female 18/126(14.3) 1   
Male 79/227(34.8) 3.2(1.8-1.7)   
Age     
0-24 17/77(22.0) 1   
25-39 56/201(27.9) 1.4(0.7-2.5)   
40-64 20/63(31.7) 1.6(0.8-3.5)   
65 years and over 4/12(33.3) 1.8(0.5-6.6)   
Hospital of diagnosis     
Other hospitals 12/55(21.8) 1 1  
Hospital A 16/60(26.7) 1.3(0.6-3.1) 1.1(0.4-3.0) 0.871
Hospital B 33/80(41.2) 2.5(1.1-5.5) 3.5(1.4-8.9) 0.008
Hospital C 4/52(7.7) 0.3(0.1-1) 0.5(0.1-1.9) 0.319
Hospital D 15/40(37.5) 2.1(0.9-5.3) 4.6(1.6-13.5) 0.006
Hospital E 17/66(25.8) 1.2(0.5-2.9) 0.9(0.3-2.4) 0.768
Geographical area of origin     
Latin America 29/167(17.4) 1 1  
India-Pakistan 18/47(38.3) 2.9(1.5-6) 4.4(1.9-10.3) 0.001
North Africa 25/49(51.0) 4.9(2.5-10) 4.3(1.8-10.5) 0.001
Other countries 25/90(27.8) 1.8(1.0-3.3) 1.4(0.7-3.0) 0.371
IDU e     
No 84/331(25.4) 1   
Yes 13/22(59.1) 4.3(1.8-10.3)   
District of residence     
Other districts 49/237(20.7) 1 1  
Inner city 33/95(34.7) 2.0(1.2-3.4) 1.1(0.5-2.3) 0.747
Unknown 15/21(71.4) 9.6(3.5-26) 5.4(1.6-18.0) 0.006
HIV infection     
No 77/321(24) 1 1  
Yes 20/32(62.5) 5.3(2.5-11.3) 6.1(2.5-14.8) < 0.001
Smoking     
No 42/212(19.8) 1   
Yes 55/141(39) 2.6(1.6-4.2)   
Use of alcohol     
No 63/286(22) 1   
Yes 34/67(50.7) 3.65(2.1-6.4)   
Incarceration history     
No 87/336(25.9) 1   
Yes 10/17(58.8) 4.1(1.5-11.1)   
Homeless     
No 76/320(23.7) 1 1  
Yes 21/33(63.6) 5.6(2.7-12) 3.3(1.3-8.2) 0.011
  1. Barcelona 2000-2005
  2. aContact tracing, bOdds ratio, c Adjusted odds ratio, dAfter the introduction of community health workers intervention, einjecting drug user