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Table 2 The association between unemployment and disability pension.

From: Unemployment and disability pension-an 18-year follow-up study of a 40-year-old population in a Norwegian county

  Model 1
OR (95% CI)
Model 2
OR (95% CI)
Model 3
OR (95% CI)
Unemployment 1.42 (1.14-1.78) 1.33 (1.06-1.66) 1.25 (1.00-1.56)
Sex (female) 1.58 (1.43-1.74) 1.56 (1.39-1.74) 1.52 (1.36-1.70)
Age in follow-up 1.32 (1.25-1.40) 1.34 (1.26-1.41) 1.34 (1.26-1.41)
Chronic Illness1   1.17 (1.11-1.23) 1.17 (1.11-1.23)
Self-rated health: Very good   1.00 (ref) 1.00 (ref)
Good   1.39 (1.21-1.59) 1.35 (1.18-1.54)
Fair   2.08 (1.72-2.50) 2.03 (1.68-2.44)
Poor   3.70 (2.26-6.06) 3.28 (2.00-5.38)
Depressed: Never/rarely   1.00 (ref) 1.00 (ref)
Sometimes   1.10 (0.87-1.39) 1.11 (0.88-1.40)
Often   1.08 (0.85-1.36) 1.08 (0.85-1.37)
Almost all the time   1.14 (0.69-1.87) 1.14 (0.70-1.89)
Headache: Never rarely   1.00 (ref) 1.00 (ref)
Once or several times per month   1.02 (0.91-1.15) 1.03 (0.92-1.16)
Once or several times per week   1.02 (0.85-1.24) 1.02 (0.84-1.23)
Daily   1.35 (0.88-2.06) 1.38 (0.91-2.11)
Pain in neck or shoulder: Never/rarely   1.00 (ref) 1.00 (ref)
Once or several times per month   1.33 (1.18-1.51) 1.31 (1.16-1.48)
Once or several times per week   1.37 (1.16-1.63) 1.32 (1.12-1.58)
Daily   1.90 (1.61-2.24) 1.80 (1.53-2.14)
Smoking: Non-smoker   1.00 (ref) 1.00 (ref)
Former smoker   1.17 (1.01-1.35) 1.11 (0.96-1.20)
Smoker   1.52 (1.34-1.72) 1.38 (1.22-1.98)
Alcohol: Non-drinker   1.00 (ref) 1.00 (ref)
Up to 1-2 times per month   1.09 (0.97-1.22) 1.07 (0.96-1-20)
More than once a week/daily   1.47 (1.15-1.87) 1.55 (1.22-1.98)
Education: High level    1.00 (ref)
Medium level    1.49 (1.27-1.74)
Low Level    2.05 (1.74-2.43)
ICC: 0.02 0.02 0.02
Log likelihood -7898.4494 -7690.2289 -7649.9913
  1. Discrete time, multilevel regression with one-year time intervals. N = 5,834
  2. 1A summated index of the number of chronic illnesses described in materials and methods under "health measures"