Skip to main content

Table 2 Prevalence of alcohol and marijuana use among commercial drivers (sub categories) of Pakistan

From: Alcohol and marijuana use while driving--an unexpected crash risk in Pakistani commercial drivers: a cross-sectional survey

  Participants n(%)
(N = 857)
Alcohol users (n = 54)
(n(%, 95% CI))
Marijuana Users (n = 196)
(n (%, 95%CI))
Alcohol & Marijuana (n = 39)
(n (%, 95%CI))
Type of respondent     
Truckers 461 (53.8) 46 (9.9, 6.8-14.1) 137 (29.9, 24.9-35.4) 35 (7.7, 5-11.8)
Passenger Vehicle Drivers 396 (46.2) 8 (1.9, 1.2-3.2) 59 (14.7, 10.9-19.5) 4 (0.9, 0.5-1.8)
p-value   < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001
Age (yrs)     
18-29 217 (25.3) 9 (4.3, 2.5-7.5) 47 (21.7, 16.9-27.3) 8 (3.7, 2-6.9)
30-39 303 (35.4) 16 (5.3, 3.4-8.3) 76 (25.1, 20.3-30.5) 12 (4.1, 2.4-7.1)
40-49 232 (27.1) 17 (6.8, 4.6-9.8) 51 (21.8, 17.4-26.9) 8 (3.5, 1.9-6.5)
≥ 50 105 (12.3) 12 (11.3, 6.2-19.7) 22 (21.4, 15.5-28.7) 11 (10.1, 5.8-17.1)
p-value   0.03 0.56 0.006
Ethnicity     
Punjabi 385 (44.9) 15 (3.5, 2.3-5.3) 65 (17, 13.6-21) 8 (2, 1.1-3.5)
Sindhi 62 (7.2) 9 (15.1, 8.6-25.3) 32 (51.8, 41.8-61.7) 9 (15.1, 8.6-25.3)
Pathan 242 (28.2) 20 (8.2, 4.9-13.6) 51 (21.1, 16.4-26.7) 16 (6.6, 3.4-12.2)
Kashmiri 102 (11.9) 5 (5.2, 1.6-8.7) 33 (31.8, 24.1-43.2) 3 (3.1, 1.3-7.4)
Others 66 (7.7) 5 (7.8, 0.7-9.6) 15 (22.7, 15.5-31.8) 3 (4.8, 2.1-10.8)
p-value   0.002 < 0.001 < 0.001
Education (yrs of schooling)     
No schooling 130 (15.2) 8 (6.2, 3.1-12.2) 28 (21.7, 15.4-29.7) 5 (3.8, 1.3-10.4)
1-5 yrs 332 (38.7) 26 (7.9, 5.1-12.1) 89 (26.7, 21.8-32.2) 23 (6.8, 4.3-10.5)
6-10 yrs 356 (41.5) 17 (4.4, 2.8-6.7) 65 (18.2, 14.5-22.5) 9 (2.6, 1.5-4.6)
> 10 yrs 19 (2.2) 3 (13.2, -0.2-5.1)) 4 (19.7, 8.5-39.4)) 2 (13.2, 4.5-32.5)
p-value   0.101 0.033 0.015
Crash status     
No crash in last five years 765 (89.3) 42 (5.5, 4-7.4) 168 (22, 18.5-25.9) 31 (4.1, 2.8-6)
Crash in last five years 92 (10.7) 12 (12.2, 6.8- 21) 28 (30.1, 23.4-37.7) 8 (8.8, 4.7-15.8)
p-value   0.002 0.032 0.003
Income in Pak Rupees (PKR)*     
< 8000 434 (50.6) 24 (5.6, 3.4-9) 99 (22.8, 18.4-27.8) 19 (4.3, 2.4-7.7)
8000-20000 364 (42.5) 28 (7.6, 5.5-10.4) 82 (22.6, 18.3-27.5) 19 (5.3, 3.6-7.9)
> 20000 59 (6.9) 2 (6.3, 0.4-9.4) 15 (25, 15.3-38) 1 (2.1, 0.4-9.4)
p-value   0.138 0.92 0.431
  1. *1 USD ≈ 87 PKR