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Table 1 Odds of California residents having visited an Indian casino in the year prior to the 2008 survey

From: Tribal casinos in California: the last vestige of indoor smoking

Measure Patrons Column % Non-Patrons Column % Adjusted ORc (95% C.I.)
Sample Sizea n = 3, 361 N = 7, 036 n = 10, 157d
Demographics    
Sex    
   Male (vs. Female) 50.0% 49.2% .96 (.79, 1.17)
Age    
   18-29-year-olds 19.6% 21.2% Referent
   30-49-year-olds 37.1% 42.0% 1.00 (.78, 1.29)
   ≥ 50-year-olds 43.3% 36.8% 1.35 (1.11, 1.65) δ
Race/ethnicity    
   Non-Hispanic Caucasian 42.8% 48.2% Referent
   Non-Hispanic African-American 6.8% 5.5% 1.59 (1.29, 1.97) ¥
   Hispanic 36.9% 30.9% 1.65 (1.24, 2.19) δ
   American Indian/Native Alaskan 3.0% 2.8% .93 (.43, 2.02)
   Asian/Pacific Islander/Other 10.5% 12.6% 1.27 (1.00, 1.60)*
Highest grade of school completed    
   < 12th grade 13.7% 14.4% Referent
   12th grade 30.5% 23.3% 1.64 (1.03, 2.61)*
   > 12th grade 55.8% 62.3% 1.34 (.89, 2.03)
California Residence (Bioregion)    
   Klamath/North Coast, Modoc, Col.b 11.1% 5.6% Referent
   Sacramento Valley and Sierra 18.4% 13.1% .71 (.52, .98)*
   San Francisco Bay Area/Delta 11.0% 20.9% .28 (.19, .40) ¥
   Central Coast and San Joaquin Val. 8.1% 8.7% .47 (.30, .73) δ
   South Coast 51.4% 51.7% .50 (.37, .67) ¥
Smoking Status    
   Never Smoker 53.7% 66.7% Referent
   Former smoker 28.7% 22.9% 1.56 (1.22, 2.01) δ
   Current smoker 17.6% 10.4% 2.13 (1.77, 2.55) ¥
  1. *p < .05; δ p < .01; ¥ p < .0001. aSample sizes are not weighted; percents are weighted. bReferent for California residence includes Klamath/North Coast, Modoc, Colorado Desert and Mojave. cOdds ratios are adjusted for all other variables in Table 1. dNot equal to the sum of 3361 and 7036 due to missing data