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Table 5 Third order interaction effects and main effects in subgroups

From: Physical environmental factors related to walking and cycling in older adults: the Belgian aging studies

  Environmental factors Interaction effect (β, SE) Main effect in subgroups (OR, 95%C.I.)1
   Environmental factor * urbanization * age * gender Rural Semi-urban Urban
    < 75 ≥ 75 < 75 ≥ 75 < 75 ≥ 75
    Males Females Males Females Males Females Males Females Males Females Males Females
Cycling for transportation Absence of decay 0.33 (0.14) 0.91
(0.66, 1.24)
1.43
(0.94, 2.18)
0.78
(0.47, 1.30)
0.64
(0.37, 1.11)
1.26
(0.91, 1.74)
1.16
(0.84, 1.59)
0.75
(0.49, 1.15)
0.96
(0.66, 1.41)
0.73
(0.57, 0.94)*
1.17
(0.85, 1.61)
1.13
(0.73, 1.75)
1.00
(0.53, 1.89)
  Absence of noise 0.37 (0.15) 1.13
(0.93, 1.38)
1.27
(1.01, 1.59)*
1.03
(0.76, 1.40)
0.85
(0.58, 1.25)
1.04
(0.87, 1.24)
1.14
(0.92, 1.41)
0.81
(0.61, 1.07)
0.87
(0.64, 1.20)
0.78
(0.64, 0.94)*
1.13
(0.92, 1.40)
1.17
(0.86, 1.61)
0.73
(0.50, 1.07)
  Public transportation subscriptions -1.10 (0.34) 1.43
(0.74, 2.78)
1.73
(0.81, 3.70)
1.40
(0.70, 2.78)
2.07
(0.99, 4.34)
1.49
(0.92, 2.40)
1.26
(0.76, 2.08)
1.29
(0.78, 2.13)
1.41
(0.76, 2.60)
0.83
(0.52, 1.35)
1.04
(0.54, 2.02)
0.91
(0.55, 1.48)
0.73
(0.46, 1.15)
Walking/cycling for recreation Presence of public toilets 0.38 (0.17) 0.95
(0.81, 1.11)
0.99
(0.84, 1.16)
1.14
(0.93, 1.39)
0.84
(0.70, 1.01)
1.05
(0.90, 1.21)
0.99
(0.86, 1.15)
0.88
(0.73, 1.06)
0.84
(0.71, 1.00)*
0.93
(0.79, 1.10)
0.90
(0.77, 1.05)
0.88
(0.72, 1.08)
0.89
(0.75, 1.06)
  Greenery -0.30 (0.15) 1.04
(0.95, 1.13)
0.97
(0.88, 1.07)
0.93
(0.82, 1.05)
1.04
(0.93, 1.17)
1.06
(0.97, 1.15)
1.05
(0.97, 1.15)
1.04
(0.93, 1.17)
1.07
(0.97, 1.18)
1.01
(0.92, 1.10)
1.05
(0.96, 1.15)
0.96
(0.86, 1.07)
0.90
(0.81, 0.99)*
  1. 1 Controlled for educational level and number of functional limitations
  2. * p < 0.05