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Table 1 Characteristics of study participants

From: Gender differences in the association between self-rated health and hypertension in a Korean adult population

Characteristics No hypertension Hypertension p-value
  (N = 11,451; 67.5%) (N = 5,505; 32.5%)  
Age (y), mean (SD) 50.3 (16.8) 63.0 (14.1) < 0.001
Gender, n (%)    
   Men 5,225 (67.5) 2,518 (32.5) < 0.001
   Women 6,226 (67.6) 2,987 (32.4)  
Marital status, n (%)    
   Married 8,311 (68.5) 3,816 (31.5) < 0.001
   Others 3,140 (65.0) 1,689 (35.0)  
Education, n (%)    
   Elementary school or less 4,166 (54.9) 3,416 (45.1) < 0.001
   Middle or high school 4,287 (73.9) 1,515 (26.1)  
   Undergraduate or graduate 2,754 (85.6) 463 (14.4)  
Smoking status, n (%)    
   Non-smoker 7,418 (68.5) 3,415 (31.5) < 0.001
   Former smoker 1,180 (57.4) 877 (42.6)  
   Current smoker 2,405 (69.5) 1,053 (30.5)  
Alcohol consumption, n (%)    
   No 7,204 (68.8) 3,266 (31.2) < 0.001
   Yes 4,029 (65.3) 2,143 (34.7)  
Physical activity, n (%)    
   No 7,554 (66.1) 3,870 (33.9) < 0.001
   Yes 3,897 (70.4) 1,635 (29.6)  
Self-rated health, n (%)    
   Excellent 664 (78.9) 178 (21.1) < 0.001
   Good 3,947 (75.5) 1,278 (24.5)  
   Fair 5,140 (69.1) 2,301 (30.9)  
   Poor 1,437 (49.1) 1,492 (50.9)  
   Very poor 179 (44.3) 225 (55.7)  
BMI (kg/m2), mean (SD) 22.9 (2.8) 24.1 (3.2) < 0.001
  1. t-test or chi-square test as appropriate