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Table 1 Characteristics of DRUID participants (n = 164 for categorical variables)

From: The DRUID study: racism and self-assessed health status in an indigenous population

Categorical variables Number* %*
Sex   
   Male 53 32
   Female 111 68
Age group (years)   
   16-24 26 16
   25-34 36 22
   35-44 42 26
   45-54 38 23
   55-64 15 9
   65+ 7 4
Marital status   
   Never Married 38 23
   Married/de facto 88 54
   Separated/divorced/widowed 38 23
Gross weekly household equivalised income ($AU)   
   1-199 42 26
   200-499 63 38
   500+ 59 36
Household tenure   
   Owned/being purchased 82 50
   Rented/other 82 50
Household composition   
   All Indigenous members 97 59
   Indigenous and non-Indigenous members 67 41
Level of education   
   Less than Year 10 34 21
   Year 10/12 41 25
   Non-degree qualifications 65 40
   Degree 24 15
Identifies with a clan, tribe or language group   
   Yes 118 72
   No 46 28
Recognises homeland/traditional country   
   Yes 129 78
   No 35 22
Discrimination-related stress   
   Yes 121 74
   No 43 26
Composite variables Range Mean (SD)
Interpersonal racism 0-24 5.5 (5.4)
10-item acute stress 0-18 4.8 (4.4)
20-item chronic stress 0-52 11.9 (8.6)
30-item total stress 0-67 15.8 (11.9)
Optimism 12-30 21.0 (4.1)
Lack of control 0-12 3.4 (2.9)
Positive social connections 6-18 15.3 (2.9)
Negative social connections 5-13 8.2 (2.2)
Instrumental social connections 1-10 6.2 (2.0)
Scored variables Range Median (SD)
SF-12 Mental Component Score 19.7-65.8 47.9 (10.5)
SF-12 Physical Component Score 18.1-66.1 51.0 (9.1)
Individual MIRE items (n = 164) Range Mean (SD)
Employment 0-4 0.76 (1.08)
Domestic 0-4 0.44 (0.85)
Educational/academic 0-4 0.56 (0.97)
Recreational/leisure 0-4 0.49 (0.83)
Law (enforcement) 0-4 0.48 (0.89)
Health care 0-3 0.38 (0.75)
Government service provision 0-3 0.51 (0.89)
Other service provision 0-4 0.93 (1.05)
Public settings 0-4 0.93 (0.99)
  1. * Note: Percentages may not add to 100 due to rounding. SD (Standard Deviation)