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Table 4 Metabolic syndrome components among Chinese children (%)

From: Prevalence of the metabolic syndrome among children from six cities of China

  N MetS components
   ≥ 1 ≥ 2 ≥ 3
Children ≥ 10 years old
Total 2,647 25.0 5.4 0.9
aSex
   Boy 1,394 26.1 6.7* 1.0
   Girl 1,253 23.8 3.9 0.8
abBMI status
   Normal weight 2,044 11.6** 0.9** 0.1**
   Overweight 330 50.0 9.4 1.2
   Obesity 273 95.2 33.7 6.6
abMother's educational level
   Low (illiterate) 28 28.6 7.1 3.6
   Middle (Primary or Junior middle school) 1,138 22.0 4.9 1.0
   High (Senior middle school or above) 1,111 26.6 6.0 1.0
abFamily's economic level
(Yuan/Month/per family member)
   ≤ 1,500 1,042 24.6 5.5 0.9
   1,501-2,500 617 24.0 5.8 1.3
   > 2,500 610 24.9 5.4 0.8
Children < 10 years old
Total 6,117 20.7 3.5 0.5
aSex     
   Boy 3,101 21.5 3.9* 0.5
   Girl 3,016 19.9 3.2 0.5
abBMI status
   Normal weight 4,813 9.6** 0.9** 0.04**
   Overweight 675 36.6 5.3 0.6
   Obesity 629 88.7 21.8 4.0
abMother's educational level    
   Low (illiterate) 52 19.2 0 0
   Middle (Primary or Junior middle school) 1,854 20.2 4.0 0.8
   High (Senior middle school or above) 2,276 22.8 4.4 0.5
abFamily's economic level
(Yuan/Month/per family member)
   ≤ 1,500 1,808 22.5 3.7 0.5
   1,501-2,500 1,145 20.5 3.8 0.7
   > 2,500 1,171 22.2 5.2 0.8
  1. *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01, compared using generalized linear mixed model
  2. aAdjusted for age and puberty for comparison of different groups
  3. bAdjusted for sex and puberty for comparison of different groups
  4. abAdjusted for age, sex and puberty for comparison of different groups