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Table 2 Terrorism avoidance behaviours by socio-demographic & threat perception variables - adjusted odds ratios (AOR)

From: Perceived coping & concern predict terrorism preparedness in Australia

Outcome variable Independent variable Adjusted odd ratios
AOR [95% CI] p
Avoid certain places    
  Highest qualification    
  University degree 1.00   
  Vocational college diploma 1.21 (0.70, 2.08) 0.501
  High school certificate 0.74 (0.37, 1.48) 0.389
  Middle high school certificate 2.22 (1.34, 3.68) 0.002
  None 1.30 (0.60, 2.82) 0.512
Changed use public transport    
  Residential location (ARIA+)    
  Highly accessible (urban) 1.00   
  Accessible 0.92 (0.45, 1.85) 0.810
  Moderately accessible 0.38 (0.15, 0.96) 0.040
  Remote/Very remote 0.16 (0.02, 1.30) 0.086
  Household income ($A)    
  <$20 k 1.00   
  $20-40 k 2.48 (1.07, 5.71) 0.033
  $40-60 k 1.07 (0.38, 3.03) 0.892
  $60-80 k 1.03 (0.38, 2.82) 0.955
  >$80 k 0.65 (0.27, 1.55) 0.333
Changed plans overseas travel    
  Terrorist attack likely    
  No 1.00   
  Yes 1.57 (1.13, 2.17) 0.007
  High psychological distress    
  No 1.00   
  Yes 1.55 (1.00, 2.39) 0.048
  Household income ($A)    
  <$20 k 1.00   
  $20-40 k 1.86 (1.02, 3.39) 0.042
  $40-60 k 1.91 (1.03, 3.54) 0.040
  $60-80 k 1.89 (1.00, 3.56) 0.049
  >$80 k 1.75 (0.99, 3.08) 0.053
  1. 1. Note: 95% confidence intervals (CI) that include 1.00 indicate a non significant result.
  2. 2. Independent variables controlled for were: age; highest educational qualification; household income, no. of children ≤ 16 years in household; residential location (urban or rural, and location remoteness via Accessibility/Remoteness Index of Australia (ARIA+); being born in Australia; speaking a language other than English at home (‘minority status’); perceived likelihood of terrorism and self-rated health status, personal resilience (CD-RISC2) and psychological distress (K10).
  3. 3. Psychological distress was measured using the K10. Values range from 10–50, with ≥22 considered ‘high’ psychological distress.