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Table 4 Determinants of disability pension, hospital admission, and mortality

From: Effects of self-rated health on sick leave, disability pension, hospital admissions and mortality. A population-based longitudinal study of nearly 15,000 observations among Swedish women and men

  Women Men
  HR 95% CI χ2 p HR 95% CI χ2 p
Disability pension         
 SRH 0.77 0.69-0.86 21.0 <0.0001 0.76 0.66-0.86 17.6 <0.0001
 Age 1.02 1.01-1.03 8.5 <0.005 1.04 1.03-1.06 24.3 <0.0001
 Leisure-time physical activity 0.69 0.52-0.92 6.4 <0.05 0.69 0.50-0.94 5.5 <0.05
 On sick-leave 7.08 4.42-11.33 66.6 <0.0001 18.4 9.9-33.9 86.4 <0.0001
 Complaint score 1.08 1.05-1.12 25.5 <0.0001 1.05 1.01-1.10 5.6 <0.05
 Education ns - - - 0.81 0.67-0.98 4.6 <0.05
Hospital admission         
 SRH 0.96 0.90-1.02 1.6 0.20 0.87 0.85-0.89 119.5 <0.0001
 Age ns - - - 1.07 1.06-1.07 1007.9 <0.0001
 Year of investigation ns - - - 0.96 0.95-0.96 269.8 <0.0001
 Leisure-time physical activity 0.76 0.63-0.91 8.5 <0.005 ns - - -
 Married 0.80 0.64-0.99 4.2 <0.05 ns - - -
 Smoking - - - - 1.23 1.13-1.33 24.7 <0.0001
Mortality         
 SRH 0.89 0.82-0.96 8.0 <0.005 0.90 0.87-0.93 38.0 <0.0001
 Age 1.12 1.10-1.13 270.8 <0.0001 1.12 1.11-1.13 878.5 <0.0001
 Year of investigation 0.92 0.84-0.99 4.0 <0.05 0.99 0.98-0.99 7.0 <0.01
 Leisure-time physical activity 0.59 0.45-0.78 13.8 <0.0005 0.79 0.72-0.86 28.3 <0.0001
 Smoking ns - - - 1.59 1.43-1.77 75.1 <0.0001
 On sick-leave /disability pension ns - - - 1.46 1.21-1.75 16.2 <0.0001
  1. Factors related to being granted a disability pension based on 2170 women and 1646 men, being admitted to hospital based on 2944 women and 6189 men, and dying during follow up based on 2952 women 5708 men, in multivariate proportional hazards regression analysis.