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Table 2 Characteristics

From: Effects of self-rated health on sick leave, disability pension, hospital admissions and mortality. A population-based longitudinal study of nearly 15,000 observations among Swedish women and men

  N Women Men  
   n Mean or % SD n Mean or % SD p
Number of observations 14,470 6,816 47.1   7,654 52.9   
Mean follow-up time, years    8.6 2.6   11.4 5.6  
Person-years during follow up   27,034    73,217    
Age 14,469 6,816 52.3 12.6 7,653 56.5 13.0 <0.0001
Education 14,120 6,722    7,398    <0.0001
 University/collage   1,605 23.9   1,554 21.0   
 Upper secondary school   1,286 19.1   1,166 15.8   
 Vocational school   1,608 23.9   1,905 25.8   
 Compulsory school   2,223 33.1   2,773 37.5   
Employment status 14,187 6,575    7,612    <0.0001
 Employed   4,444 67.6   4,511 59.3   
 Unemployed   271 4.1   286 3.8   
 Sick-leave/disability pension   713 10.8   624 8.2   
 Old age retirement   1,147 17.4   2,191 28.8   
Married/cohabiting 14,338 4,990 74.0   5,927 78.0   <0.0001
Smoking habits 14,330 6,735    7,595    0.001
 Never smoked or ex-smoker   5,002 74.3   5,455 71.8   
 Current smoker   1,733 25.7   2,140 28.2   
Leisure time physical activity 13,787 6,678    7,109    <0.0001
 Vigorously active   49 0.7   113 1.6   
 Active   890 13.3   1,304 18.3   
 Moderately active   4,663 69.8   4,511 63.4   
 Sedentary   1,076 16.1   1,181 16.6   
Complaint score (range 0–30) 11,365 3,777 7.8 5.4 7,588 5.3 4.7 <0.0001
Self-rated health 14,020 6,568    7,452    <0.0001
 7 “Could not be better”   1,421 21.6   2,170 29.1   
 6   1,805 27.5   2,199 29.5   
 5   1,486 22.6   1,373 18.4   
 4   1,084 16.5   947 12.7   
 3   387 5.9   423 5.7   
 2   253 3.9   204 2.7   
 1 “Very bad”   132 2.0   136 1.8   
Outcome during follow up         
 Days of sick leave/year 6,570 3,157 18.4 78.4 3,413 17.8 79.8 0.39
 Disability pension, % 6,291 507 19.6   455 12.3   <0.0001
 Admitted to hospital, % 9,561 3,257 14.2   6,404 48.7   <0.0001
 Deceased, % 9,561 295 9.3   1,863 29.1   <0.0001
  1. Characteristics of the study population.