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Table 3 Malaria diagnostic and treatment practices for febrile patients at all 244 surveyed facilities in Sudan

From: Progress towards implementation of ACT malaria case-management in public health facilities in the Republic of Sudan: a cluster-sample survey

  Children < 5 yrs N = 425 Patients ≥ 5 yrs N = 1218 P-value All age groups
N = 1643
  n (%) n (%)   n (%) 95% CI
Correctly managed a 150 (35.3) 417 (34.2) 0.723 567 (34.5) 29.3-39.7
Malaria test performed 186 (43.8) 566 (46.5) 0.425 752 (45.8) 39.0-52.6
Treatment for test positive patients N = 72 N = 231   N = 303
   AS+SP 51 (70.8) 139 (60.2) 0.116 190 (62.7) 55.6-69.9
   Artemether injection 12 (16.7) 66 (28.6) 0.056 78 (25.7) 19.6-31.8
   Other antimalarials b 4 (5.6) 10 (4.3) 0.754 14 (4.6) 1.1-8.2
   No AM prescribed 5 (6.9) 16 (6.9) 0.995 21 (6.9) 3.5-10.4
Treatment for test negative patients N = 114 N = 335   N = 449
   AS+SP 11 (9.6) 46 (13.7) 0.303 57 (12.7) 6.3-17.7
   Artemether injection 3 (2.6) 8 (2.4) 0.874 11 (2.5) 1.0-3.9
   Other antimalarials c 1 (0.9) 3 (0.9) 0.986 4 (0.9) 0-1.7
   Any AM prescribed 15 (13.2) 57 (17.0) 0.336 72 (16.0) 9.3-21.3
   No AM prescribed 99 (86.8) 278 (83.0) 0.336 377 (84.0) 77.9-90.0
Treatment when test not done N = 239 N = 652   N = 891
   AS+SP 40 (16.7) 193 (29.6) 0.002 233 (26.2) 19.5-32.8
   Artemether injection 4 (1.7) 32 (4.9) 0.049 36 (4.0) 1.7-6.3
   Other antimalarials d 6 (2.5) 11 (1.7) 0.251 17 (1.9) 0.6-3.2
   No AM prescribed 189 (79.1) 416 (63.8) 0.001 605 (67.9) 60.9-74.9
  1. aDefined as performance of all of the following three tasks: 1) patient tested for malaria; 2) if positive test result treated with AS+SP, and 3) if negative test result not treated for malaria.
  2. bOther antimalarial treatments include: SP (5), QN (5) and AL (4)
  3. cOther antimalarial treatments include: SP (3), QN (1)
  4. dOther antimalarial treatments include: SP (5), QN (7) and CQ (5)
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