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Table 4 Nutritional and health outcomes associated with comprehensive food subsidy programs for children

From: Food subsidy programs and the health and nutritional status of disadvantaged families in high income countries: a systematic review

First Author, Year Intervention, Participants Nutritional outcomes Health outcomes
Gunnell 2000[39]   Growth outcomes*
Intervention included either daily school feeding (SF) or family food packages weekly (FP) and two control groups with no food subsidy- families and school students   Mean, (SD) I C p
   Height increase, cm 6.10(1.50) 5.56(1.45) <0.0001
   Leg length increase, cm 4.98 (2.07) 4.87(2.25) 0.0006
   Trunk increase, cm 1.12 (2.17) 0.69 (2.23) 0.17
   Stature increases by method of feeding,†
Children aged 2–14 years   Mean (95%CI) SF FP
   Change in height (I-C), mm 6.7 (2.7-10.6) 2.0 (−0.7-4.8)
   Change in leg length (I-C),mm 7.2 (1.9-12.4) 2.3 (−1.5-6.2)
   Hazard ratio I vs C (95%CI) p
   All causes 1.15 (0.7,1.7) 0.46
   CHD 1.62 (0.8,3.5) 0.21
   Cancer 0.69 (0.4,1.4) 0.30
   related cancer 0.59 (0.2,2.0) 0.59
  1. * Adjusted for initial anthropometry and location.
  2. †Adjusted for initial anthropometry, location, age, sex, duration of follow-up, household food expenditure, diet intake, family size, social class.