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Table 3 Nutritional and health outcomes associated with comprehensive food subsidy program for non-pregnant adults

From: Food subsidy programs and the health and nutritional status of disadvantaged families in high income countries: a systematic review

First Author, Year Intervention, Participants Nutritional outcomes Health outcomes
Ni Mhurchu 2010[30] Food purchases*  
12.5% discount on healthier foods at point-of-sale (PD) Change in foods/nutrients at 6 months (PD- no PD)  
  Mean (95%CI) PD p  
  Foods, kg/week    
or tailored nutrition education (NE) or both compared to no intervention All foods 0.90 (0.29-1.52) 0.004  
  All healthier 0.79 (0.43-1.16) <0.001  
  All less healthy 0.07 (−0.15-0.29) 0.56  
Main household shoppers >18 years Healthier F&V 0.48 (0.21-0.75) <0.001  
  Healthier meat 0.06 (0.02-0.11) <0.001  
  Healthier dairy 0.21 (0.10-0.31) <0.001  
  No change was noted in intake of saturated fat (primary outcome), energy density or any other macronutrients  
  There were no effects of tailored nutrition education on food purchases at 6 months.  
  Change in foods/nutrients at 12 months (PD- no PD)**  
  Mean (95%CI) PD p  
  Foods, kg/week    
  All foods 0.37 (−0.26-1.00) 0.25  
  All healthier 0.38 (0.01-0.76) 0.045  
  All less-healthy 0.05 (−0.18-0.27) 0.67  
  Healthier F&V 0.28 (0.00-0.56) 0.05  
  Healthier meat 0.03 (−0.01-0.08) 0.15  
  Healthier dairy 0.06 (−0.04-0.18) 0.21  
  1. *Adjusted for baseline values, ethnicity, income, age, sex.
  2. **The 12 month follow-up was 6 months after intervention ended.