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Table 3 Adjusted associations between maternal generational status and maternal-reported Total Problems

From: Differences in problem behaviour among ethnic minority and majority preschoolers in the Netherlands and the role of family functioning and parenting factors as mediators: the Generation R Study

  Model 1 Model 2 % changeb Model 3 % changec
Dutch N=3105 1.0 1.0   1.0  
First generation immigrants N=835 5.0 (3.8; 6.8) a 3.3 (2.3; 4.6) −44.6%* 2.3 (1.6; 3.2) −44.5%* d
Second generation immigrants N=317 2.5 (1.6; 4.0) 1.8 (1.1; 3.0) −47.0%* 1.3 (0.8; 2.1) −66.0%*
  1. Table based on imputed dataset.
  2. Values are OR (95% CI) derived from logistic regression models modelling maternal generational status as the determinants and maternal-reported Total Problems as the outcome variable.
  3. Model 1: Basic model adjusted for child gestational age, birth weight, age and gender.
  4. Model 2: Model 1+maternal age, maternal marital status, maternal educational level, parity and family inome.
  5. Model 3: Model 2+ prenatal maternal psychopathology + postnatal maternal psychopathology + prenatal family functioning + parenting stress + paternal harsh parenting.
  6. a p<0.01 for first generation vs. second generation (reference).
  7. b Change in odds ratio relative to model 1 for non-Dutch ethnic groups versus Dutch reference group (100 * [ORmodel 1+mediator– ORmodel 1] / [ORmodel 1 -1])).
  8. c Change in odds ratio relative to model 2 for non-Dutch ethnic groups versus Dutch reference group after full adjustments (model 3) for family functioning and parenting.
  9. factors (100 * [ORmodel 2+mediator– ORmodel 2] / [ORmodel 2 -1])).
  10. d P=0.26 for difference in odds ratio attenuation between first and second generation immigrants calculated with a bootstrap analysis.
  11. * p <0.05 indicates a significant change in odds ratio after adding variable(s) to model 1 or model 2 calculated with a bootstrap analysis.