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Table 2 Cardiovascular risk factors as predictors of psychological distress (K10 ≥ 20), by gender and ethnicity a)

From: Ethnic differences in the association between cardiovascular risk factors and psychological distress in a population study in the Netherlands

  Men Women
   OR (95% CI) p   OR (95% CI) p
Obesity Dutch 1.72 (0.69 – 4.28) .25 Dutch 2.52 (1.31 – 4.86) .006
Turkish 1.35 (0.68 – 2.69) .39 Turkish 1.07 (0.59 – 1.95) .83
Moroccan 0.86 (0.37 – 2.02) .74 Moroccan 0.89 (0.44 - 1.78) .74
Abdominal obesity Dutch 0.79 (0.40 – 1.56) .50 Dutch 1.16 (0.56 – 2.39) .70
Turkish 0.79 (0.39 – 1.63) .53 Turkish 1.16 (0.46 – 2.90) .75
Moroccan 0.86 (0.43 – 1.75) .68 Moroccan 0.92 (0.35 – 2.44) .87
Hypertension Dutch 1.11 (0.54 – 2.29) .77 Dutch 2.85 (1.44 – 5.64) .003
Turkish 0.44 (0.22 – 0.90) .02 Turkish 1.13 (0.58 – 2.22) .72
Moroccan 0.81 (0.41 – 1.62) .55 Moroccan 1.41 (0.65 – 3.09) .39
Hypercholesterolemia Dutch 1.40 (0.68 – 2.87) .37 Dutch 1.11 (0.58 – 2.13) .74
Turkish 1.25 (0.58 – 2.73) .57 Turkish 0.54 (0.22 – 1.37) .20
Moroccan 0.67 (0.23 – 1.91) .45 Moroccan 1.89 (0.71 – 5.03) .20
Low HDL cholesterol Dutch 1.71 (0.72 – 4.07) .23 Dutch 0.99 (0.47 – 2.07) .98
Turkish 0.74 (0.38 – 1.41) .35 Turkish 1.46 (0.82 – 2.62) .20
Moroccan 0.87 (0.43 – 1.77) .70 Moroccan 1.09 (0.55 – 2.17) .80
Diabetes Dutch 2.51 (0.67 – 9.46) .17 Dutch 1.24 (0.24 – 6.37) .80
  Turkish 0.34 (0.09 – 1.22) .10 Turkish 2.05 (0.71 – 5.90) .18
  Moroccan 1.15 (0.50 – 2.69) .74 Moroccan 0.54 (0.19 – 1.49) .23
  1. Note:
  2. a) odds ratios adjusted for age.